To solve equations, write a simpler equivalent equation using the following rules. Keep writing simpler equivalent equations until you have simplified it enough that one side has the variable alone and the other has a number. That gives the solution.

- Add or subtract the same number or expression to both sides of the equation.
- Multiply or divide both sides of the equation by the same nonzero number or expression.

You can check the solution to an equation by plugging the number into the original equation and seeing if the resulting statement is true.

For additional explanation and examples, see the course web page for links. These include links to instructional materials and a link to an equation solver, where you can enter any equation and have it find the solution. You can use that to check your work on as many problems as you have the time and energy to work.

### Example 1

Solve [latex]3x-4=11[/latex].

### Example 2

Find a formula for *y* (that is, solve for *y* in terms of *x)*: [latex]y-7=-4(x-2)+12[/latex]

### Example 3

Solve [latex]0.75-0.08t=1.22[/latex].