American Government 13 [20 questions]

The Supreme Court’s power of judicial review ________.

  • is given to it in the original constitution
  • enables it to declare acts of the other *
  • branches unconstitutional
  • allows it to hear cases

The Supreme Court most typically functions as________.

  • a district court
  • a trial court
  • a court of original jurisdiction
  • an appeals court*

Both state and federal courts hear matters that involve ________.

  • civil law only
  • criminal law only
  • both civil and criminal law*
  • neither civil nor criminal law

A state case is more likely to be heard by the federal courts when ________.

  • it involves a federal question
  • a governor requests a federal court hearing
  • it involves a criminal matter
  • the state courts are unable to come up with a decision

Besides the Supreme Court, there are lower courts in the national system called ________.

  • state and federal courts
  • district and circuit courts*
  • state and local courts
  • civil and common courts

In standing by precedent, a judge relies on the principle of ________.

  • stare decisis
  • amicus curiae
  • judicial activism
  • laissez-faire

The justices of the Supreme Court are ________.

  • elected by citizens
  • chosen by the Congress
  • confirmed by the president
  • nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate*

The Supreme Court consists of ________.

  • nine associate justices
  • one chief justice and eight associate justices
  • thirteen judges
  • one chief justice and five associate justices

A case will be placed on the Court’s docket when ________ justices agree to do so.

  • Four*
  • five
  • six
  • all

One of the main ways interest groups participate in Supreme Court cases is by ________.

  • giving monetary contributions to the justices
  • lobbying the justices
  • filing amicus curiae briefs
  • protesting in front of the Supreme Court building

The lawyer who represents the federal government and argues cases before the Supreme Court is the ________.

  • solicitor general*
  • attorney general
  • U.S. attorney
  • chief justice

When using judicial restraint, a judge will usually ________.

  • refuse to rule on a case
  • overrule any act of Congress he or she doesn’t like
  • defer to the decisions of the elected branches of government*
  • make mostly liberal rulings

When a Supreme Court ruling is made, justices may write a ________ to show they agree with the majority but for different reasons.

  • brief
  • dissenting opinion
  • majority opinion
  • concurring opinion