The Supreme Court’s power of judicial review ________.
- is given to it in the original constitution
- enables it to declare acts of the other *
- branches unconstitutional
- allows it to hear cases
The Supreme Court most typically functions as________.
- a district court
- a trial court
- a court of original jurisdiction
- an appeals court*
Both state and federal courts hear matters that involve ________.
- civil law only
- criminal law only
- both civil and criminal law*
- neither civil nor criminal law
A state case is more likely to be heard by the federal courts when ________.
- it involves a federal question
- a governor requests a federal court hearing
- it involves a criminal matter
- the state courts are unable to come up with a decision
Besides the Supreme Court, there are lower courts in the national system called ________.
- state and federal courts
- district and circuit courts*
- state and local courts
- civil and common courts
In standing by precedent, a judge relies on the principle of ________.
- stare decisis
- amicus curiae
- judicial activism
The justices of the Supreme Court are ________.
- elected by citizens
- chosen by the Congress
- confirmed by the president
- nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate*
The Supreme Court consists of ________.
- nine associate justices
- one chief justice and eight associate justices
- thirteen judges
- one chief justice and five associate justices
A case will be placed on the Court’s docket when ________ justices agree to do so.
One of the main ways interest groups participate in Supreme Court cases is by ________.
- giving monetary contributions to the justices
- lobbying the justices
- filing amicus curiae briefs
- protesting in front of the Supreme Court building
The lawyer who represents the federal government and argues cases before the Supreme Court is the ________.
- solicitor general*
- attorney general
- U.S. attorney
- chief justice
When using judicial restraint, a judge will usually ________.
- refuse to rule on a case
- overrule any act of Congress he or she doesn’t like
- defer to the decisions of the elected branches of government*
- make mostly liberal rulings
When a Supreme Court ruling is made, justices may write a ________ to show they agree with the majority but for different reasons.
- dissenting opinion
- majority opinion
- concurring opinion