Ch 2.1Multiple Choice Questions (15)

Courts in each of the 11 federal judicial districts of the U.S. that functions as an appellate court for the lower federal courts.

  • Article Six 
  • Circuit Courts
  • United States Courts of Appeals
  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

The governmental bodies that run a particular city, town, county, or district. 

  • Local Government 
  • Circuit Courts
  • Supremacy Clause 
  • Marble Cake Federalism

A reference to the ability of legislative bodies to control other branches of government through the control of public money.

  • Article Six
  • Intermediate Court of Appeals 
  • Power of the Purse
  • Separation of Powers

In order for the federal courts to hear an appellate case, there must be some federal legal issue involved, such as a Constitutional rights violation. 

  • Substantial Federal Question 
  • Separation of Powers
  • Court of Last Resort 
  • United States Courts of Appeals

A metaphor for federalism where the layers of a cake signify the separate spheres in which the federal and state governments operate and have power. 

  • Court of Last Resort
  • Layer Cake Federalism
  • United States District Courts 
  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

A metaphor of federalism that symbolizes the mixing of powers and resources among local, state, and federal governments. 

  • Marble Cake Federalism 
  • Intermediate Court of Appeals 
  • United States District Courts
  • United States Courts of Appeals

A conceptualization of federalism wherein national, state, and local governments work together to solve common problems as opposed to operating separately.

  • Court of Last Resort
  • United States District Courts 
  • Cooperative Federalism
  • Circuit Courts

Article VI contains the supremacy clause, which establishes the superiority of federal law over state law. 

  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
  • Cooperative Federalism
  • Article Six 
  • Court of Last Resort

An appellate court positioned between the trial courts and the court of last resort in the court hierarchy. 

  • Layer Cake Federalism
  • Substantial Federal Question 
  • Intermediate Court of Appeals 
  • Supremacy Clause

The “highest” court beyond which there is no appeal; usually refers to a Supreme Court.

  • Supremacy Clause
  • Article Six 
  • Court of Last Resort
  • United States District Courts

A SCOTUS decision that adopted an expansive view of the supremacy clause. 

  • United States Courts of Appeals 
  • Power of the Purse 
  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) 
  • Supremacy Clause

The idea of vesting the legislative, judicial, and executive powers of government in separate bodies. 

  • Marble Cake Federalism
  • Separation of Powers 
  • Supremacy Clause 
  • United States District Courts

At the federal level, the layer of appellate courts situated between the federal district (trial) courts and the Supreme Court. 

  • Layer Cake Federalism 
  • Court of Last Resort
  • Separation of Powers 
  • Circuit Courts

Term used to denote Article VI of the U.S. Constitution.

  • Article Six 
  • Supremacy Clause 
  • Layer Cake Federalism 
  • Substantial Federal Question

The trial courts of general jurisdiction in the federal court system.

  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
  • Supremacy Clause
  • United States District Courts
  • Marble Cake Federalism