CJ Ch 2.3 Multiple Choice Questions (19)

Establishes the Supreme Court, and specifies how the lower courts in the federal system are to be created. 

  • Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg 
  • Justice Stephen Breyer 
  • Article III 
  • Judicial Activism

A state of a case where further legal proceedings will have no practical effect; the matter has become strictly academic and of no practical importance. 

  • Moot 
  • Conservative Decisions 
  • Liberal Decisions 
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)

The Sixth Amendment provides that “in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall…have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.” 

  • Conservative Decisions 
  • Justice Sonia Sotomayor 
  • Right to Counsel 
  • Standing

A political view that focuses on change and a tendency to disregard tradition as valuable. 

  • Conservative Decisions 
  • Liberal 
  • Justice Stephen Breyer 
  • Right to Counsel

An ideological inclination to preserve the traditional or current order. 

  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • Liberal 
  • Judicial Activism 
  • Conservative

A court that has the authority to hear only certain kinds of cases; usually used as a synonym of lower courts.

  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)
  • Warren Court 
  • Limited Jurisdiction
  • Judicial Restraint

The SCOTUS during the tenure of Earl Warren as Chief Justice (1953 to 1969); very liberal, and can be credited as a major force in the Civil Rights Revolution.

  

  • Liberal Decisions
  • Judicial Activism
  • Warren Court
  • Justice Sonia Sotomayor

Court decisions that can be viewed as upholding civil rights over public order. 

  • Marbury v. Madison (1803) 
  • Liberal Decisions 
  • Warren Court 
  • Judicial Activism

A nonprofit organization dedicated to the preservation of freedoms from government tyranny in America. 

  • Right to Counsel 
  • Justice Stephen Breyer 
  • Judicial Activism 
  • American Civil Liberties Union

Associate Justice of the SCOTUS who was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1988; known to be a swing vote in many of the courts 5-4 decisions. 

  • Moot 
  • Justice Sonia Sotomayor
  • Justice Anthony Kennedy 
  • Justice Elena Kagan

Associate Justice of the SCOTUS who was appointed by President Obama in 2010; tends to vote along liberal lines.

  • Liberal 
  • Justice Anthony Kennedy 
  • Article III
  • Justice Elena Kagan

Associate Justice of the SCOTUS who was appointed by President Clinton in 1994; usually considered a moderate.

  • Judicial Activism
  • Justice Stephen Breyer
  • Conservative Decisions 
  • Moot

A judicial philosophy that holds that judges’ personal political beliefs should not influence court decisions.

  • Limited Jurisdiction 
  • Right to Counsel 
  • Justice Stephen Breyer 
  • Judicial Restraint

A landmark SCOTUS decision in which the Court established its power of judicial review.

  • Conservative Decisions
  • Judicial Restraint
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)
  • Standing

Associate Justice of the SCOTUS appointed by Bill Clinton in 1993; tends to vote liberal. 

  • Justice Sonia Sotomayor
  • Liberal Decisions 
  • Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg 
  • Standing

Associate Justice of the SCOTUS who was appointed by President Obama in 2009; tends to vote along liberal lines.

  • Justice Sonia Sotomayor
  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • Moot 
  • Right to Counsel

Judicial decisions based on personal political beliefs rather than existing law.

  • Conservative Decisions
  • Liberal Decisions
  • Judicial Activism
  • Justice Elena Kagan

The idea that only the person harmed by an action can take a complaint about the action before a court.

  • Right to Counsel
  • Judicial Restraint
  • Standing 
  • Justice Anthony Kennedy

Court decisions that align with the crime control model as opposed to the due process model.

  • Conservative
  • Conservative Decisions
  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • Justice Anthony Kennedy