CRJ 1C ch 1.4 Multiple Choice Questions (23)

A jury, usually composed of 23 jurors, that are tasked with determining if the state has enough evidence to hold a criminal trial.

  • Grand Jury
  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Standing Mute
  • Indictment

A hearing to determine of enough evidence exists that a person committed a crime to move on to a trial.

  • Knowingly and Voluntarily
  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Magistrate
  • Grand Jury

The first time an accused person is brought before a judge.

  • Arrest
  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Follow-Up Investigation
  • Initial Appearance

A record maintained by a law enforcement agency concerning an arrest, including statements, evidence, and related charging information.

  • Magistrate
  • Follow-Up Investigation
  • Graham v. Connor (1989)
  • Arrest Report

The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial.

  • Information
  • Indictment
  • Magistrate
  • Standing Mute

A document that when filed with the court begins formal criminal proceedings against the defendant, such as complaints, information, and indictments.

  • Graham v. Connor (1989)
  • Charging Document
  • Grand Jury
  • Presentence Report

Refusing to speak when asked a question, especially in court. 

  • Standing Mute
  • Booking
  • Objectively Reasonable
  • Initial Appearance

The lawyers in a case.

  • Counsel
  • Plea
  • Objectively Reasonable
  • Pretrial Services Officer

Attorneys that conduct most of the trial work in which the United States is a party.

  • Grand Jury
  • U.S. Attorney
  • Knowingly and Voluntarily
  • Probable Cause

The process of identifying, searching, and charging a person before they are admitted to jail.

  • Preliminary Investigation
  • Initial Appearance
  • Booking
  • Arrest Report

A SCOTUS decision where an objective reasonableness standard was adopted for evaluating excessive force claims against police.

  • Knowingly and Voluntarily
  • Charging Document
  • Arrest Report
  • Graham v. Connor (1989)

The deprivation of a person’s freedom of movement.

  • U.S. Attorney
  • Charging Document
  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Arrest

Pretrial services officers focus on investigating the backgrounds of federal criminal defendants to help the court determine whether to release or detain them while they await trial.

  • Information
  • Objectively Reasonable
  • Pretrial Services Officer
  • Arrest Report

A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a criminal offense.

  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Booking
  • Magistrate
  • Information

A report summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Standing Mute
  • Presentence Report
  • Arrest

A reasonably prudent and cautious person would find an office’s actions reasonable under the circumstances.

  • Objectively Reasonable
  • Booking
  • Plea
  • Preliminary Investigation

A minor judicial official with limited authority.

  • Information
  • Magistrate
  • Indictment
  • Probable Cause

The defendant’s statement of “guilty” or “not guilty” in answer to the charges.

  • Arrest Report
  • Graham v. Connor (1989)
  • Knowingly and Voluntarily
  • Plea

Investigative activities that take place as soon as an officer arrives at the crime scene.

  • Objectively Reasonable
  • Indictment
  • Preliminary Investigation
  • Charging Document

“…facts and circumstances within the officers’ knowledge…are sufficient in themselves to warrant a man of reasonable caution in the belief that an offense has been or is being committed.”

  • Arrest
  • Probable Cause
  • Plea
  • Graham v. Connor (1989)

An amount of force that a reasonable person would deem necessary to accomplish a lawful objective and no more.

  • Preliminary Investigation
  • Grand Jury
  • Reasonable Force
  • Presentence Report

A legal requirement ( that defendants understand the potential outcomes of what they are doing, and that they are doing so free of coercion.

  • Preliminary Hearing
  • Magistrate
  • Knowingly and Voluntarily
  • Grand Jury

Police information gathering that takes place between the filing of the initial report and the case being ready for trial.

  • Follow-Up Investigation
  • Plea
  • Magistrate
  • Probable Cause