CRJ 4.1 Multiple Choice Questions (28)

    Another name for the Frankpledge System.

  • Hue and Cry
  • Mutual Pledge System
  • Political Era
  • Civil Service

    The ancient code of laws that, according to the Old Testament, were given by God to Moses.

  • Decentralized
  • O. W. Wilson
  • Mosaic Code
  • Preventive Patrol

A period during the Nineteenth Century when policing in America’s large urban centers was defined by political patronage and graft and corruption were rampant.

  • Magna Carta
  • Reform Era
  • Proactive
  • Political Era

    The geographical territory to which a patrol officer is assigned.

  • Beat
  • Posse Comitatus
  • Code of Hammurabi
  • Frankpledge System

A period beginning in the early 1900s when police professionalism became the dominate paradigm of policing in the United States.

  • Reform Era
  • Political Era
  • Preventive Patrol
  • Proactive

    A church based administrative division of territory; corresponds to a county in modern usage.

  • Hundred
  • Parish
  • Code of Hammurabi
  • O. W. Wilson

    A man elected to preside over a tithing (a group of ten families) under the mutual pledge system.

  • Reform Era
  • Beat
  • Tithingman
  • O. W. Wilson

    A group of ten families under the mutual pledge system.

  • Frankpledge System
  • Tithing
  • Tithingman
  • Nationalization

    The chief law enforcement officer of a county; the office originated in feudal England as the shire-reeve.

  • August Vollmer
  • Sheriff
  • Shire
  • Kin Policing

A Latin legal phrase meaning the “power of the county;” a group of all able bodied men that the sheriff could summon to give chase to a fugitive.

  • Political Era
  • Preventive Patrol
  • Posse Comitatus
  • Decentralized

    A police reformer known for his strong support for higher education and professionalism in policing.

  • Watch and Ward
  • Kin Policing
  • Mutual Pledge System
  • August Vollmer

    A system of government service employment based on merit and examinations rather than on political patronage.

  • Tithingman
  • Civil Service
  • Posse Comitatus
  • Amalgamation

    Acting in response to a situation rather than creating it or controlling it; the opposite of proactive.

  • Reactive
  • Frankpledge System
  • Nationalization
  • Civil Service

    An English office during feudal times that evolved into the modern office of sheriff.

  • Shire-reeve
  • Political Era
  • Parish
  • Tithing

An influential leader in policing, popularizing the idea of police professionalism that would shape policing in America for decades to come.

  • O. W. Wilson
  • Decentralized
  • Hue and Cry
  • Civil Service

    The process or result of uniting or consolidating things.

  • Amalgamation
  • Kin Policing
  • Tithing
  • Preventive Patrol

    A charter of liberties that the English Barons forced King John to sign in 1215.

  • Proactive
  • Preventive Patrol
  • Amalgamation
  • Magna Carta

A policing strategy based on the idea that officers in highly visible uniforms and vehicles will deter crime by their mere presence in the community.

  • Kin Policing
  • Preventive Patrol
  • Civil Service
  • Hundred

    An old English term for a geographical area equivalent to a modern county.

  • Shire
  • Tithingman
  • Watch and Ward
  • Proactive

    Controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than responding to an event after it has happened.

  • Amalgamation
  • Proactive
  • Code of Hammurabi
  • Tithingman

A calling out to the members of a community in order to collectively pursue a criminal, as was mandated under old English law.

  • Magna Carta
  • Reform Era
  • Hue and Cry
  • Code of Hammurabi

A system of policing used in England during the Early Middle Ages whereby communities were divided into small groups (tithings) that were collectively responsible for the conduct of all members.

  • Amalgamation
  • Beat
  • Frankpledge System
  • Code of Hammurabi

An ancient system of law enforcement where law enforcement responsibility was held by all citizens, and everyone was responsible for the conduct of their extended families.

  • Political Era
  • Kin Policing
  • August Vollmer
  • Amalgamation

A policing system used in Medieval English towns where community members were appointed to serve as guards during the day (the ward) and at night (the watch).

  • O. W. Wilson
  • Political Era
  • Watch and Ward
  • Mosaic Code

    A unit of ten tithings (or 100 households) under the old English Frankpledge system.

  • Shire-reeve
  • Reform Era
  • Hundred
  • Tithingman

    To bring under the control of a nation, such as the government of the United States.

  • Reform Era
  • Reactive
  • Nationalization
  • Tithingman

A set of laws developed by Babylonian King Hammurabi that date back to the 18th century BC; the earliest written legal code known.

  • Posse Comitatus
  • Shire-reeve
  • Mosaic Code
  • Code of Hammurabi

    Not having a single administrative center.

  • Amalgamation
  • Decentralized
  • Reactive
  • Kin Policing