CRJ 4.5 Multiple Choice Questions (33)

   The most significant contributor to the violence in a domestic violence situation.

  • Police Brutality
  • Automobile Search
  • Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)
  • Primary Aggressor

A ruling by the SCOTUS that criminal suspects have the right to have a lawyer present at police interrogations.

  • Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)
  • Particularity Requirement
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception
  • Hot Pursuit Search

An exclusion to the Miranda warning requirements in situations where the public safety demands the police ask questions immediately, such as the location of a dangerous weapon that may cause harm to someone.

  • Knock and Announce
  • Right to Remain Silent
  • Brown v. Mississippi (1936)
  • Public Safety Exception

An exception to certain procedural protections based in the idea that the public safety comes ahead of individual liberties.

  • Affidavit
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception
  • Sixth Amendment
  • Rules of Criminal Procedure

Common law rule that police could use deadly force to stop a person known to be a offender from getting away.

  • Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception
  • Fleeing Felon Rule
  • Police Brutality

A “pat down” search of a person for weapons; only lawful if the officer has reasonable suspicion to believe the suspect is armed.

  • 1983 Suit
  • Reasonable Suspicion
  • Arrest Warrant
  • Terry Stop

An exception to the search warrant requirement that allows an officer to seize contraband when the contraband is seen from a place where the officer has a lawful right to be.

  • Plain View Doctrine
  • Brown v. Mississippi (1936)
  • Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
  • Stop and Frisk

Prohibited the use of torture as a means of obtaining confessions by the police.

  • Brown v. Mississippi (1936)
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception
  • Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
  • Inevitable Discovery Exception

A special type of warrant that waives the knock and announce requirement.

  • Arrest Warrant
  • Consent Search
  • No-knock Warrant
  • Affidavit

A Constitutional Amendment that contains several clauses dealing with the rights of accused persons.

  • Particularity Requirement
  • Mere Hunch
  • Hot Pursuit Search
  • Sixth Amendment

Court enforcement of some right.

  • Remedy
  • Reasonable Suspicion
  • Mere Hunch
  • Automobile Search

An exception to the exclusionary rule that allows illegally obtained evidence to be used in court if it would have been found legally anyway.

  • Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
  • Fleeing Felon Rule
  • Inevitable Discovery Exception
  • Police Brutality

A landmark SCOTUS decision in which the Court established an “inevitable discovery exception” to the exclusionary rule.

  • Knock and Announce
  • Nix v. Williams (1984)
  • Plain View Doctrine
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception

A warrantless but lawful search of premises for a person actively evading a police chase.

  • Hot Pursuit Search
  • Knock and Announce
  • Weeks v. U.S. (1914)
  • Affidavit

A written order, issued by a judge, commanding any law enforcement officer within the court’s jurisdiction to take the named person into custody and bring them before the court.

  • Mere Hunch
  • Reasonable Suspicion
  • Arrest Warrant
  • New York v. Quarles (1984)

A type of search that requires probable cause as specified by the Fourth Amendment, but is exempt from the general warrant requirement of the Fourth Amendment.

  • Automobile Search
  • Affidavit
  • Mere Hunch
  • U.S. v. Leon (1984)

Comes from the Fifth Amendment’s protection from compelled self-incrimination.

  • Right to Remain Silent
  • Remedy
  • Affidavit
  • Weeks v. U.S. (1914)

An intuitive feeling that a suspect is engaging in criminal activity, but no specific evidence can be articulated.

  • Police Brutality
  • Automobile Search
  • Open Fields Doctrine
  • Mere Hunch

An evidentiary standard falling between a mere hunch and probable cause.

  • Reasonable Suspicion
  • Brown v. Mississippi (1936)
  • Arrest Warrant
  • Automobile Search

A “pat down” search of a person for weapons; only lawful if the officer has reasonable suspicion to believe the suspect is armed.

  • Brown v. Mississippi (1936)
  • Stop and Frisk
  • Automobile Search
  • Plain View Doctrine

The use of force by police in excess of what is reasonably necessary to accomplish a legitimate criminal justice purpose.

  • Stop and Frisk
  • 1983 Suit
  • Nix v. Williams (1984)
  • Police Brutality

A type of police search that relies on the knowing and voluntary waiver of the Fourth Amendment rights of the person being searched.

  • Inevitable Discovery Exception
  • Automobile Search
  • Reasonable Person Test
  • Consent Search

A legal doctrine holding that a warrantless search outside the curtilage of the home is not a violation of the property owner’s Fourth Amendment rights.

  • Public Safety Exception
  • Rules of Criminal Procedure
  • Right to Remain Silent
  • Open Fields Doctrine

A type of lawsuit originating under Section 1983 of Title 42 of the United States Code that allows people to sue government employees for violating their constitutional rights.

  • Open Fields Doctrine
  • 1983 Suit
  • Reasonable Person Test
  • Arrest Warrant

A landmark SCOTUS decision in which the Court created the “good faith” exception to the exclusionary rule.

  • U.S. v. Leon (1984)
  • Reasonable Person Test
  • Automobile Search
  • 1983 Suit

A written or printed statement made under oath.

  • Affidavit
  • Nix v. Williams (1984)
  • Brown v. Mississippi (1936)
  • Plain View Doctrine

A Fourth Amendment principle that requires officers to clearly and precisely describe the place to be searched and the things to be seized in order for a search warrant application to be approved by a magistrate.

  • Reasonable Suspicion
  • Hot Pursuit Search
  • Particularity Requirement
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception

A landmark SCOTUS decision that established the exclusionary rule in federal courts.

  • Rules of Criminal Procedure
  • Weeks v. U.S. (1914)
  • Open Fields Doctrine
  • Exigent Circumstances Exception

A test of rationality based on how a typical person, with ordinary prudence, would act in certain circumstances.

  • Open Fields Doctrine
  • Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
  • Reasonable Person Test
  • Fleeing Felon Rule

A landmark SCOTUS decision where the Court invalidated a Tennessee statute that codified the fleeing felon rule.

  • Mere Hunch
  • Hot Pursuit Search
  • Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
  • 1983 Suit

A common law rule incorporated into the Fourth Amendment that requires officers to ______________________ their identity as police officers before entering a person’s home to serve a search warrant.

  • Knock and Announce
  • Nix v. Williams (1984)
  • Weeks v. U.S. (1914)
  • Public Safety Exception

Rules promulgated by the SCOTUS that govern how federal criminal prosecutions are conducted.

  • Police Brutality
  • Public Safety Exception
  • Terry Stop
  • Rules of Criminal Procedure

A landmark SCOTUS decision in which the Court established a public safety exception to the Miranda warnings.

  • New York v. Quarles (1984)
  • Terry Stop
  • Sixth Amendment
  • Primary Aggressor