CRJ OER 1.2 Multiple Choice Questions (32)

The highest court in the United States; composed of eight associate Justices and one Chief Justice.

  • Infancy Defense
  • Common Law
  • United States Supreme Court
  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

An elected body, such as Congress, that has the constitutional authority to make laws.

  • Legislature
  • Dual Federalism
  • Plea Bargain
  • Trial Court

Rules promulgated by the SCOTUS that govern how federal criminal prosecutions are conducted.

  • Unconstitutional
  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure 
  • SCOTUS
  • Efficiency

An argument that the components of the criminal justice system are in conflict, and that there is actually no system at all.

  • Juvenile Justice
  • Fairness
  • United States Supreme Court
  • Non-system Argument

The constitutional idea that the criminal justice system must treat people in a fundamentally fair way.

  • Executive Branch 
  • Dual Court System
  • Hierarchical
  • Procedural Due Process

A negotiated agreement between the prosecution and the defendant where the defendant agrees to plead guilty to a lesser crime than that originally charged, or to a lesser sentence than can normally be expected if the case goes to trial.

  • Juvenile Justice
  • Plea Bargain
  • Hierarchical
  • Three Branches of Government

A body of fundamental principles by which a nation or state is governed.

  • Plea Bargain
  • Due Process
  • Trial Court 
  • Constitution

The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States; relies heavily on judicial decisions. 

  • Common Law
  • Decisions (courts)
  • Appellate Court
  • Trial Court

A system of government like that of the United States where there are both national and state governments.

  • Procedural Due Process
  • Due Process
  • Trial Court
  • Dual Federalism

The court system of a country or state; judges taken collectively.

  • Code
  • Judiciary
  • Efficiency
  • Procedural Due Process

The ___________________  established by the Constitution are  the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

  • Code
  • SCOTUS
  • Due Process
  • Three Branches of Government

Not in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of a particular state.

  • Judiciary
  • Penal Code
  • Unconstitutional
  • Dual Court System

A body of statutes that specify crimes and their punishments; more commonly referred to as the substantive criminal law or the criminal code.

  • SCOTUS
  • Due Process
  • Penal Code
  • Unconstitutional

The mission of the __________________ is to collect, analyze, publish, and disseminate information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government.

  • Juvenile Justice
  • Effectiveness
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • Executive Branch

An organizational structure where elements are arranged by rank.

  • Three Branches of Government
  • Judicial Review
  • Hierarchical
  • Legislature

Carrying out justice system activities with proper regard for equity, proportionality, constitutional protections afforded defendants and convicted offenders, and public safety.

  • Effectiveness
  • Penal Code
  • Judiciary
  • Non-system Argument

The branch of government tasked with the administration of public affairs, and the enforcement of laws and policies.

  • Judicial Review
  • Hierarchical
  • Trial Court
  • Executive Branch

A group of interrelated parts that work together to accomplish a common set of objectives.

  • Legislature
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • Unconstitutional
  • System

A court having original jurisdiction in criminal matters as opposed to an appellate court.

  • Trial Court
  • Congress of the United States
  • Effectiveness
  • Efficiency

The power of the Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality of legislative enactments.

  • Unconstitutional
  • Constitution
  • Judicial Review
  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

A comprehensive set of laws arranged by subject.

  • Judiciary
  • Code
  • Legislature 
  • Judicial Review

A court that is empowered to rehear cases originating in a trial court. 

  • United States Supreme Court
  • Judicial Review
  • Hierarchical
  • Appellate Court

Economically applying available resources to accomplish statutory goals as well as to improve public safety.

  • Three Branches of Government
  • Efficiency
  • Nonsystem Argument 
  • Judicial Review

The common law doctrine that very young children were incapable of forming a culpable mental state, and thus were not subject to criminal prosecution. 

  • Infancy Defense
  • Unconstitutional
  • Appellate Court
  • Juvenile Justice

The legislative branch of the United States government, composed of the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. 

  • Decisions (courts)
  • Congress of the United States
  • Due Process
  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

Supreme Court of the United States

  • Due Process 
  • SCOTUS 
  • Constitution 
  • Common Law

The constitutional guarantee that a defendant will receive fair and impartial treatment by the criminal justice system.

  • Efficiency 
  • Decisions (courts) 
  • Fairness 
  • Due Process

The portion of the United States Code or the Code of an individual state that deals with criminal law.

  • Dual Court System
  • United States Supreme Court
  • Criminal Code
  • Nonsystem Argument

The written opinions of appellate courts that have the force of law in common law countries like the United States. 

  • United States Supreme Court
  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure
  • Decisions (courts)
  • Judiciary

A term describing the American governmental structure characterized by having both state courts and federal courts.

  • SCOTUS
  • Judicial Review
  • United States Supreme Court
  • Dual Court System

Justice issues such as assuring equal treatment and handling of like offenders and giving equal weight to legally relevant factors in sentencing.

  • Congress of the United States
  • Criminal Code
  • Fairness
  • Plea Bargain

Elements of the criminal justice system designed to deal with lawbreaking by those not old enough to enter the adult system.

  • Juvenile Justice
  • Code
  • Nonsystem Argument
  • Three Branches of Government