CRJ OER CJ CH 1A Multiple Choice Questions (40)

An Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits states from violating people’s due process rights.

    • Equity
    • Police
    • Criminal Justice System
    • Fourteenth Amendment

Individual rights protected by law from violation by the government.

    • Civil Liberties
    • Adversarial System
    • Discretion
    • Parole

Treating everyone the same.

    • Discretion
    • Parole
    • Fourteenth Amendment
    • Equality

A trial without a jury, in which the judge serves as the fact-finder.

    • Bench Trial
    • Individual Rights
    • Due Process Clause
    • Finder of Fact

A person (such as a judge) or a group of people (such as a jury) who are responsible for determining the facts in a trial or other legal proceeding.

    • Finder of Fact
    • U.S. Code
    • Equity
    • Justice

The several sets of agencies and processes established by governments to prevent and control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws.

    • Due Process
    • Due Process Clause
    • Fifth Amendment
    • Criminal Justice System

A civil (rather than military) force tasked with the prevention and detection of crime and disorder, as well as many service functions.

    • Judge
    • U.S. Code
    • Sheriff’s Deputies
    • Police

A complex concept involving the ideas of fairness and conformity to the law.

    • Fourteenth Amendment
    • Rule of Law
    • Justice
    • Equity

Doctrine that says evidence obtained in violation of a criminal defendant’s constitutional or statutory rights is not admissible at trial.

    • Defendant
    • Rule of Law
    • Exclusionary Rule
    • Equity

Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes.

    • Court
    • Fourteenth Amendment
    • Parole
    • Probation

Both the Fifth and the Fourteenth Amendments contain a __________________ that protect people from fundamentally unfair practices by the criminal justice system.

    • Due Process Clause
    • Prosecutor
    • Fourteenth Amendment
    • Bill of Rights

The principle of government by established law rather than the will of a group or individual.

    • Exclusionary Rule
    • Rule of Law
    • Bill of Rights
    • Retributive Justice

Imprisonment is the same as ___________________

    • Due Process
    • Bill of Rights
    • Incarceration
    • Corrections

Instead of sending an individual to prison, the court releases the person to the community and orders him or her to complete a period of supervision and to abide by certain conditions.

    • Trial by Jury
    • Jail
    • Probation
    • Defendant

An official of the Judicial branch with authority to decide lawsuits brought before courts.

    • Jail
    • Finder of Fact
    • Parole
    • Judge

A Latin legal phrase signifying the law of retaliation, whereby criminals are punished to the same degree and kind as the harm done by their crimes.

    • Lex Talionis
    • Criminal Justice System
    • Sheriff’s Deputies
    • Statute

A type of trial where a jury (usually composed of 12 citizens) decides if the prosecutor has proven guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

    • Fourteenth Amendment
    • Trial by Jury
    • Due Process
    • Finder of Fact

A legal system of common law origin where two parties advocate opposing positions and a neutral finder of fact such as a judge or jury determines the truth in the matter.

    • Retributive Justice
    • Adversarial System
    • Jury
    • Police

The chief law enforcement officer of a county; the office originated in feudal England as the shire-reeve.

    • Lex Talionis
    • Adversarial System
    • Sheriff
    • Exclusionary Rule

A warranted punishment.

    • Justice
    • Exclusionary Rule
    • Court
    • Just Deserts

An attorney who conducts cases against criminal defendants in the name of the state.

    • Due Process
    • Probation
    • Procedural Justice
    • Prosecutor

Rights related to an individual’s freedom to pursue goals without interference from government.

    • Fourteenth Amendment
    • Parole
    • Individual Rights
    • Bench Trial

A law passed by a legislature.

    • Prison
    • Statute
    • Defense Counsel
    • Judge

____________ imposes restrictions on the government’s prosecution of people accused of crimes.

    • Rule of Law
    • Incarceration
    • Fifth Amendment
    • Due Process

Sometimes called procedural fairness; a synonym of due process.

    • Procedural Justice
    • Defendant
    • Civil Liberties
    • Adversarial System

An act or omission that is prohibited by law and has an associated punishment.

    • Judge
    • Adversarial System
    • Crime
    • Defendant

An institution designed for the confinement of persons found guilty of serious crimes.

    • Prison
    • Civil Liberties
    • Exclusionary Rule
    • Judge

In a civil case, the person or organization against whom the plaintiff brings suit; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.

    • Equality
    • Due Process Clause
    • Just Deserts
    • Defendant

Giving everyone what they deserve.

    • Criminal Justice System
    • Equity
    • Retributive Justice
    • Due Process

Sworn law enforcement officers working under the direction of a county sheriff.

    • Exclusionary Rule
    • Sheriff’s Deputies
    • Fifth Amendment
    • Criminal Justice System

The freedom of a criminal justice agent to decide what should be done in a particular situation based on professional judgement.

    • Discretion
    • Jail
    • Rule of Law
    • Retributive Justice

The various methods and institutions by which society deals with criminal offenders, such as prisons, jails, probation, and parole.

    • Corrections
    • Adversarial System
    • Incarceration
    • Crime

A collection of all the laws passed by the Congress of the United States, organized by subject.

    • Civil Liberties
    • U.S. Code
    • Probation
    • Rule of Law

The group of people selected to hear the evidence in a trial and render a verdict on matters of fact.

    • Jail
    • Sheriff’s Deputies
    • Jury
    • Retributive Justice

A lawyer retained for and usually specializing in the legal protection of a person accused of a crime.

    • Prosecutor
    • Sheriff’s Deputies
    • Equity
    • Defense Counsel

A type of early release from prison where the parolee must abide by certain specified conditions and be supervised in the community by a parole officer.

    • Parole
    • Fifth Amendment
    • Police
    • Civil Liberties

In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that a defendant will receive a fair and impartial trial.

    • Due Process
    • Procedural Justice
    • Corrections
    • Individual Rights

A secure confinement facility that holds persons accused of crimes and persons convicted of minor crimes.

    • Bill of Rights
    • Prosecutor
    • Fifth Amendment
    • Jail

A model of criminal justice based on the punishment of offenders rather than other goals such as rehabilitation.

    • Bill of Rights
    • Trial by Jury
    • Judge
    • Retributive Justice

The first ten Amendments to the Constitution which guarantee many fundamental rights.

  • Defense Counsel
  • Jail
  • Bill of Rights
  • Civil Liberties