Intro CJ 5.1 Multiple Choice Questions (18)

A landmark SCOTUS decision in which the Court ruled that school officials do not need a warrant to search students under their supervision.

  • New Jersey v. TLO (1985)
  • Lower Courts
  • Assembly Line Justice
  • Police Courts

A U.S. Court of Appeals decision that held that curfew laws were constitutional, balancing the good of the community against the liberty of the juvenile.

  • New Jersey v. TLO (1985)
  • Doe v. Renfrow (1981)
  • Qutb v. Strauss (1993)
  • Courts of General Jurisdiction

A court which makes decisions that are subject to appeal; often used by appellate courts to describe trial courts.

  • U.S. Courts of Appeal
  • Doe v. Renfrow (1981)
  • Affirmed
  • Lower Courts

A federal statute which established time limits for indictments, arraignments, and criminal prosecutions.

  • Courts of General Jurisdiction
  • New Jersey v. TLO (1985)
  • Speedy Trial Act of 1974
  • Assembly Line Justice

A landmark SCOTUS decision holding that juveniles must be afforded certain due process rights.

  • Judicial Independence
  • Kent v. United States (1966)
  • U.S. District Courts
  • Certiorari Power

Lower courts that have jurisdiction over minor crimes and violations.

  • Courts of General Jurisdiction
  • U.S. Courts of Appeal
  • Certiorari Power
  • Police Courts

Invalidated or revoked by a higher court.

  • Reversed
  • Affirmed
  • Kent v. United States (1966)
  • Judicial Misconduct

A lower court having jurisdiction over minor offenses within a particular city.

  • Municipal Courts
  • Courts of General Jurisdiction
  • U.S. District Courts
  • U.S. Courts of Appeal

A ruling by the Seventh Circuit that suspicionless dog sniffs of public school children are not searches for Fourth Amendment purposes.

  • Kent v. United States (1966)
  • Certiorari Power
  • Doe v. Renfrow (1981)
  • U.S. Courts of Appeal

In the practice of the court of appeals, it means that the court of appeals has concluded that the lower court decision is correct and will stand as rendered by the lower court.

  • Affirmed
  • Assembly Line Justice
  • U.S. District Courts
  • Speedy Trial Act of 1974

Court in each of the 11 federal judicial districts of the U.S. that functions as an appellate court for the lower federal courts.

  • Reversed
  • Traffic Courts
  • U.S. Courts of Appeal
  • Municipal Courts

A court with the authority to hear cases of all kinds as opposed to a court of limited jurisdiction which can only hear relatively minor cases.

  • Courts of General Jurisdiction
  • Reversed
  • Judicial Independence
  • Municipal Courts

A term used to describe the extremely rapid processing of cases by lower courts, often without due concern for defendants’ rights.

  • Doe v. Renfrow (1981)
  • Affirmed
  • Assembly Line Justice
  • Qutb v. Strauss (1993)

The trial courts of general jurisdiction in the federal court system.

  • Traffic Courts
  • U.S. District Courts
  • Certiorari Power
  • U.S. Courts of Appeal

A lower court charged with the disposition of petty offenses such as traffic citations.

  • Municipal Courts
  • Kent v. United States (1966)
  • Speedy Trial Act of 1974
  • Traffic Courts

Unethical behavior by a judge.

  • Lower Courts
  • Municipal Courts
  • Judicial Misconduct
  • Police Courts

The idea that the judiciary should be kept separated from the undue influence of other branches of government and private political interests.

  • Certiorari Power
  • Police Courts
  • Qutb v. Strauss (1993)
  • Judicial Independence

The authority of an appellate court to order a lower court to send up the record of a case for review.

  • Certiorari Power
  • Assembly Line Justice
  • Police Courts
  • Courts of General Jurisdiction