Intro CJ Ch 5.3   Multiple Choice Questions (25)

The phase of a juvenile delinquency proceeding analogous to the sentence in an adult trial.

  • Disposition
  • Discovery
  • Pretrial Motions
  • Adjudicated Delinquent

A Latin legal phrase meaning “for the public good;” often used to describe attorneys representing indigent clients free of charge.

  • Petition
  • Pro Bono Publico
  • U.S. v. Salerno (1987)
  • Not Guilty Plea

Similar to an adult trial, a fact finding process whereby the juvenile court determines if the allegations made in the petition were sustained.

  • Judicial Diversion
  • Adjudicatory Hearing
  • Motion to Suppress
  • U.S. v. Salerno (1987)

The landmark SCOUS decision that established the presumption of innocence in American criminal law.

  • Coffin v. U.S. (1895)
  • Pretrial Motions
  • Bail Reform Act of 1984
  • Not Guilty Plea

A plea meaning that the defendant denies culpability for the alleged criminal act.

  • Guilty Plea
  • Exculpatory Evidence
  • Not Guilty Plea
  • Bail Reform Act of 1984

A release from custody based strictly on the defendants promise to return to court for further proceedings.

  • Release on Recognizance (ROR)
  • Judicial Diversion
  • Pretrial Motions
  • Petition

An admission of culpability (blameworthiness) for a crime.

  • Judicial Diversion
  • Coffin v. U.S. (1895)
  • Guilty Plea
  • Pretrial Motions

Motions made before a trail gets underway, i.e.  to suppress evidence or  to dismiss the case entirely for want of evidence.

  • Federal Public Defender
  • Pretrial Motions
  • Motion to Suppress
  • Pro Bono Publico

A plea of “no contest.”

  • Community Defender Organization
  • Discovery
  • Nolo Contendere Plea
  • Disposition Hearing

A finding by a juvenile judge that the allegations against a juvenile are true; The juvenile court analog of a guilty verdict in adult court.

  • Ex Parte
  • Pro Bono Publico
  • Criminal Justice Act (CJA)
  • Sustaining the Petition

A court treatment of a case where no official record of a conviction is made if certain conditions are met by the defendant.

  • Judicial Diversion
  • Criminal Justice Act (CJA)
  • Petition
  • Adjudicatory Hearing

Procedures used to obtain disclosure of evidence before trial.

  • Not Guilty Plea
  • Discovery
  • Adjudicatory Hearing
  • Ex Parte

A juvenile that has been found guilty by a judge of committing a delinquent act.

  • Pro Bono Publico
  • Adjudicated Delinquent
  • Bail Reform Act of 1984
  • Racketeering and Corrupt Influence Organization (RICO)

Enacted in 1964 to establish a comprehensive system for appointing and compensating lawyers to represent defendants financially unable to retain counsel in federal criminal proceedings.

  • Bifurcated Hearing
  • Criminal Justice Act (CJA)
  • Disposition
  • Adjudicatory Hearing

A two-part juvenile court proceeding where the adjudicatory phase is separated from the disposition phase.

  • Sustaining the Petition
  • Bifurcated Hearing
  • Motion to Suppress
  • Racketeering and Corrupt Influence Organization (RICO)

A document filed in juvenile court alleging that a juvenile is a delinquent and asking that the court assume jurisdiction.

  • Adjudicatory Hearing
  • Petition
  • Exculpatory Evidence
  • Disposition

The phase in a juvenile delinquency hearing where the judge decides what to do with the juvenile; analogous to the sentencing phase in an adult trial.

  • Coffin v. U.S. (1895)
  • Pretrial Motions
  • Adjudicated Delinquent
  • Post-disposition Hearing

An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel.

  • Racketeering and Corrupt Influence Organization (RICO)
  • Federal Public Defender
  • Disposition Hearing
  • Petition

Non-profit organizations that provide attorneys to indigent defendants in criminal cases.

  • Not Guilty Plea
  • U.S. v. Salerno (1987)
  • Community Defender Organization
  • Pretrial Motions

A federal statute designed to make it easier to prosecute organized crime cases.

  • Racketeering and Corrupt Influence Organization (RICO)
  • Criminal Justice Act (CJA)
  • Federal Public Defender
  • Pro Bono Publico

A landmark SCOTUS decision in which the court ruled that the pretrial detention of a dangerous defendant was not a due process violation so long as the dangerousness was proven.

  • Guilty Plea
  • U.S. v. Salerno (1987)
  • Disposition Hearing
  • Post-disposition Hearing

Evidence that tends to prove the innocence of the defendant in a criminal trial.

  • U.S. v. Salerno (1987)
  • Racketeering and Corrupt Influence Organization (RICO)
  • Exculpatory Evidence
  • Criminal Justice Act (CJA)

A formal request to a judge that certain evidence not be considered at trial.

  • Disposition Hearing
  • Motion to Suppress
  • Petition
  • Racketeering and Corrupt Influence Organization (RICO)

A federal law that authorizes and sets forth the procedures for a judicial officer to order the release or detention of an arrested person pending trial, sentence, and appeal.

  • Post-disposition Hearing
  • Adjudicatory Hearing
  • Petition
  • Bail Reform Act of 1984

A proceeding brought before a court by one party only, without notice to or challenge by the other side.

  • Ex Parte
  • Sustaining the Petition
  • Exculpatory Evidence
  • Release on Recognizance (ROR)