Intro CJ Ch 5.5  Multiple Choice Questions (31)

An intermediate sanction intended to be an alternative to incarceration but that is more intense than standard probation.

  • House Arrest
  • Boot Camps
  • Intensive Supervision Probation (ISP)
  • Sentencing Reform Act of 1984

Prison terms for two or more offenses to be served at the same time, rather than one after the other.

  • Community Service
  • House Arrest
  • Victim Impact Statement
  • Concurrent Sentence

A type of corrections sentence that consists of a short-term residential program that resembles military basic training.

  • Home Confinement
  • Concurrent Sentence
  • Sentencing
  • Boot Camps

A request made after a trial by a party that has lost on one or more issues that a higher court review the decision to determine if it was correct.

  • Overturn
  • Consecutive Sentence
  • Appeal
  • Probation

A type of sentencing environment where judicial discretion in sentence length is limited by statutory law.

  • Death Penalty
  • Consecutive Sentence
  • Community Service
  • Mandatory Sentences

Instruments through which legislative bodies determine the punishments that are associated with particular crimes.

  • Sentencing Statute
  • Appeal
  • Boot Camps
  • Asset Forfeiture

A prison sentence of a fixed length that is not subject to reduction by a parole board or other body.

  • Determinate Sentencing
  • Asset Forfeiture
  • Consecutive Sentence
  • Probation

Another name for Home Confinement.

  • House Arrest
  • Uphold
  • Proportionality Doctrine
  • Probation

A system of assessing fine amounts based on the offender’s income rather than a set amount.

  • Sentencing Statute
  • Indeterminate Sentencing
  • Probation
  • Day Fine

Created a new federal agency, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, to set sentencing guidelines for every federal offense.

  • Uphold
  • Fine
  • Overturn
  • Sentencing Reform Act of 1984

The overruling or setting aside the decision of a lower court by a higher court.

  • Overturn
  • Remand
  • Determinate Sentencing
  • Sentencing Reform Act of 1984

In some jurisdictions, this hearing is separated from the finding of guilt.

  • Sentencing Hearing
  • Asset Forfeiture
  • Home Confinement
  • Uphold

Money paid to the government as punishment for a violation or crime.

  • Electronic Monitoring
  • Fine
  • Concurrent Sentence
  • Day Fine

The use of electronic equipment to monitor a person’s movement to ensure compliance with court-ordered conditions, such as house arrest.

  • Proportionality Doctrine
  • Death Penalty
  • Good Time
  • Electronic Monitoring

The confiscation of assets by the government through either civil or criminal process.

  • Consecutive Sentence
  • Appeal
  • Sentencing Hearing
  • Asset Forfeiture

A homicide sanctioned and ultimately committed by the state as a punishment for crime.

  • Appeal
  • U.S. Sentencing Commission
  • Death Penalty
  • Determinate Sentencing

A type of sentence where the length of imprisonment is determined by the inmate’s conduct while in prison rather than being of a set length.

  • Indeterminate Sentencing
  • Proportionality Doctrine
  • Death Penalty
  • Determinate Sentencing

Unpaid work intended to be of some social value.

  • Community Service
  • Concurrent Sentence
  • Mandatory Sentences
  • Forfeiture

The stage of the criminal justice process where the convicted person is brought before the court to have a punishment determined.

  • Remand
  • Presentence Investigation Report
  • Uphold
  • Sentencing

A statement made by the victim of a crime and given to the judge responsible for sentencing the perpetrator.

  • Victim Impact Statement
  • Appeal
  • Presentence Investigation Report
  • Overturn

The appellate court agrees with the lower court decision and allows it to stand.

  • Scarlet-Letter Punishments
  • Electronic Monitoring
  • Uphold
  • Sentencing

To send back [to police or jail custody]

  • Asset Forfeiture
  • Good Time
  • Remand
  • Sentencing

A special condition the court imposes that requires an individual to remain at home except for certain approved activities such as work and medical appointments.

  • Home Confinement
  • Mandatory Sentences
  • Victim Impact Statement
  • Determinate Sentencing

Prison terms for two or more offenses to be served one after the other.

  • Uphold
  • House Arrest
  • Day Fine
  • Consecutive Sentence

A specified amount of time taken off of a prisoner’s sentence for not violating rules while incarcerated.

  • Good Time
  • Concurrent Sentence
  • Victim Impact Statement
  • Sentencing Hearing

The agency responsible for the establishment of sentencing policies and procedures for the federal court system.

  • Indeterminate Sentencing
  • U.S. Sentencing Commission
  • Boot Camps
  • Victim Impact Statement

The legal doctrine that the punishment should fit the crime rather than being too lenient or too harsh.

  • Remand
  • Asset Forfeiture
  • Home Confinement
  • Proportionality Doctrine

A report summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence.

  • Presentence Investigation Report
  • Death Penalty
  • Appeal
  • Sentencing Reform Act of 1984

Punishments designed to work primarily through humiliation.

  • House Arrest
  • Determinate Sentencing
  • Sentencing Hearing
  • Scarlet-Letter Punishments

A criminal sanction where the court releases the person to the community and orders him or her to complete a period of supervision and to abide by certain conditions.

  • Probation
  • Mandatory Sentences
  • Concurrent Sentence
  • Victim Impact Statement

Being forced by the government to give up something as a punishment for crime.

  • Probation
  • Uphold
  • Forfeiture
  • Sentencing Hearing