Intro CJ Ch 6.2 Multiple Choice Questions (20)

A type of prison designed to house very dangerous inmates and characterized by a very high degree of physical and procedural security measures.

  • Maximum-security Prison
  • Reception Facility
  • Rehabilitation Model
  • American Correctional Association

A corrections term that indicates the extent of security measures that must be in place for an inmate of a particular classification.

  • Reception Facility
  • Custody Level
  • Crime Control Model
  • Pennsylvania System

An area within a prison set aside for inmates sentenced to death.

  • Medium-security Prison
  • Death Row
  • Walnut Street Jail
  • Prison Programs

An international association of corrections professionals dedicated to improving the effectiveness of corrections.

  • American Correctional Association
  • Minimum-security Prison
  • Reception Facility
  • Maximum-security Prison

A period beginning in the mid-1800s when juveniles were moved out of adult prisons and into specialized facilities geared toward rehabilitating youth.

  • Special Populations
  • Penitent
  • Reformatory Movement
  • Custody Level

A prison facility that houses only female inmates; there are far fewer of these than male prisons.

  • Custody Level
  • Special Populations
  • Women’s Prisons
  • American Correctional Association

The idea that criminal offenders commit crimes for reasons outside of choosing to do so, and they can be rehabilitated (made noncriminal) by some form of treatment that eliminates the causes of crime.

  • Custody Level
  • Congregate System
  • Rehabilitation Model
  • Private Prisons

Prison facilities operated by third-party for profit companies under government contracts.

  • Private Prisons
  • Super-maximum-security Prison
  • American Correctional Association
  • Zebulon Brockway

A corrections system popular in the South during Reconstruction where convicts were leased to private companies to provide hard labor.

  • Elmira Reformatory
  • Reformatory Movement
  • Lease System
  • Medical Model

People that require special consideration or resources from corrections, such as the infirm, the elderly, juveniles, and women.

  • American Correctional Association
  • Zebulon Brockway
  • Elmira Reformatory
  • Special Populations

A system of prison discipline characterized by solitary confinement which was believed to foster penitence; arose in the late 18th century.

  • Medium-security Prison
  • Pennsylvania System
  • Declaration of Principles
  • Reception Facility

The philosophical approach to corrections that focuses on the identification, prevention, and elimination of the underlying causes of crime.

  • Prison Overcrowding
  • Prison Programs
  • Medical Model
  • Minimum-security Prison

A situation that occurs when the number of inmates within a particular facility exceeds the amount of space required for safe and legal operations.

  • Prison Programs
  • Penitentiary
  • Prison Overcrowding
  • Minimum-security Prison

Another name for the Auburn System, which was a philosophy of penitentiary management where inmates worked in silence during the day, and were in solitary confinement at night.

  • Pennsylvania System
  • Congregate System
  • Elmira Reformatory
  • Zebulon Brockway

Another name for prison that arose during the period when offenders where expected to be penitent.

  • Maximum-security Prison
  • Custody Level
  • Penitentiary
  • Special Populations

The guiding ideologies of the National Prison Association (now the ACA) which were adopted in 1870; considered a milestone in the professionalization of corrections.

  • Reformatory Movement
  • Prison Overcrowding
  • Declaration of Principles
  • Minimum-security Prison

Type of prison that holds the largest number of inmates; characterized by dormitory living arrangements.

  • Lease System
  • John Howard
  • Medium-security Prison
  • Custody Level

A type of institution designed to house the least dangerous offenders who pose little flight risk.

  • Medium-security Prison
  • Minimum-security Prison
  • Declaration of Principles
  • John Howard

Activities that are designed to help the offender reintegrate into society and avoid recidivism, such as substance abuse, anger management, and education.

  • Super-maximum-security Prison
  • Prison Programs
  • Crime Control Model
  • Pennsylvania System

A conceptualization of the criminal justice system developed by Herbert Packer that is characterized by an emphasis on aggressive crime suppression and control.

  • Reception Facility
  • Private Prisons
  • Crime Control Model
  • Penitent

Prisons that hold the highest risk prisoners in the most secure institutions in the country.

  • Super-maximum-security Prison
  • Declaration of Principles
  • Reformatory Movement
  • Private Prisons