CRJ OER CJ CH 3.1 Multiple Choice Questions (23)

The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. 

  • Misdemeanor 
  • Case Law 
  • Common Law 
  • Sir William Blackstone

Crimes conducted over the internet or other computer network.

  • Embezzlement 
  • Tort 
  • Commentaries on the Laws of England 
  • Cybercrime

The body of law that defines crimes and the punishments that go with them. 

  • Precedent 
  • Criminal Law 
  • Damages 
  • Tort

Crimes that are highly visible to the public; also called street crime.

  • Ordinary Crime 
  • Stare Decisis 
  • Visible Crime 
  • Street Crime

A series of books containing the written judicial opinions of a particular court. 

  • Reporter 
  • Cybercrime 
  • Embezzlement 
  • Substantive Criminal Law

An English legal scholar who wrote the Commentaries on the Laws of England, a set of law books that had a major influence of the development of the criminal law in the United States.

  • Sir William Blackstone 
  • Phishing 
  • Case Law 
  • Commentaries on the Laws of England

A serious crime, usually punishable by at least one year in prison. 

  • Felony
  • Case Law 
  • Damages 
  • Street Crime

An offense punishable by one year of imprisonment (usually in a county jail) or less. 

  • Misdemeanor
  • Damages
  • Sir William Blackstone 
  • Cybercrime

Theft of an employer’s property by an employee. 

  • Case Law 
  • Hate Crime
  • Embezzlement 
  • Substantive Criminal Law

A crime motivated by racial or other prejudice; often violent. 

  • Case Law 
  • Reporter 
  • Hate Crime 
  • Common Law

A group having some manner of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities. 

  • Criminal Law 
  • Precedent 
  • Commentaries on the Laws of England 
  • Organized Crime

Obtaining financial or other sensitive information from online account holders by posing as a legitimate business or organization.

  • Case Law 
  • Stare Decisis 
  • Criminal Law 
  • Phishing

A treatise on the common law of England by Sir William Blackstone that heavily influenced the law of the early United States. 

  • Sir William Blackstone 
  • Precedent 
  • Commentaries on the Laws of England 
  • Case Law

The body of law that controls how the various agents and elements of the criminal justice system treat people. 

  • Commentaries on the Laws of England
  • Hate Crime 
  • Street Crime
  • Procedural Criminal Law

Another name for street crime; offenses committed in public places.

  • Cybercrime 
  • Ordinary Crime
  • Visible Crime 
  • Embezzlement

The part of the criminal law that specifies prohibited acts and the punishments associated with those acts. 

  • Misdemeanor 
  • Substantive Criminal Law 
  • Tort 
  • Felony

A civil, not criminal, wrong.

  • Tort 
  • Common Law 
  • Phishing 
  • Procedural Criminal Law

Legal Latin for “to stand by things decided;” the doctrine that rules of law established in past court cases should be followed in present ones. 

  • Commentaries on the Laws of England 
  • Stare Decisis 
  • Precedent 
  • Organized Crime

A court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to a dispute currently before a court. 

  • Tort 
  • Precedent 
  • Embezzlement 
  • Visible Crime

The law as established in previous court decisions; A synonym for legal precedent.

  • Procedural Criminal Law
  • Case Law 
  • Damages 
  • Organized Crime