OER  CRJ CH 2.2 Multiple Choice Questions (20)

A federal law aimed at creating community-level responses to juvenile delinquency. 

  • Juvenile Court Act of 1899
  • Partisan Politics
  • Crime Control Model 
  • Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act of 1968

The activities associated with government as well as the public debates surrounding these activities. 

  • Parens Patriae 
  • Politics 
  • Extralegal Factors 
  • Due Process Model

A conceptualization of criminal justice system characterized by an emphasis on aggressive crime suppression. 

  • Parens Patriae
  • Extralegal Factors 
  • Waiver 
  • Crime Control Model

The transfer of a juvenile to adult court, denying the juvenile the special treatment afforded by the juvenile court.

  • Best Interest of the Child 
  • Parens Patriae 
  • Waiver 
  • Deinstitutionalization

An Illinois law that established America’s first Juvenile Court in Chicago.

  • Crime Control Model
  • Juvenile Delinquency 
  • Juvenile Court Act of 1899 
  • Politicized

A Latin legal phrase referring to the power of the government to provide guardianship of those (especially children) in need of care or supervision. 

  • Parens Patriae 
  • Deinstitutionalization 
  • Sheriff
  • Static

Violations of law committed by juveniles. 

  • Juvenile Delinquency 
  • Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act of 1968 
  • Informal Diversion 
  • Politics

Factors that exist outside of the law or that are contrary to the law. 

  • Waiver 
  • Informal Diversion 
  • Extralegal Factors 
  • Static

The legal doctrine that the punishment should fit the crime rather than being too lenient or too harsh.

  • Deinstitutionalization 
  • Doctrine of Proportionality 
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Preponderance of the Evidence

The guiding principle and primary focus of juvenile courts. 

  • Politics 
  • Crime Control Model 
  • Juvenile Court Act of 1899
  • Best Interest of the Child

The removal of a person from the criminal justice system or the juvenile justice system such that they do not have a criminal conviction and criminal record. 

  • Due Process Model 
  • Informal Diversion 
  • Juvenile Court Act of 1899 
  • Preponderance of the Evidence

An evidentiary standard in civil cases where the party to a case with the most compelling (convincing) evidence wins. 

  • Waiver
  • Doctrine of Proportionality 
  • Due Process Model
  • Preponderance of the Evidence

A panel of people that decide whether a prisoner should be released on parole after a minimum sentence has been served. 

  • Parole Board 
  • Partisan Politics 
  • Preponderance of the Evidence 
  • Deinstitutionalization

The process of moving residents of institutions, such as state hospitals, into the community. 

  • Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act of 1968 
  • Deinstitutionalization 
  • Parole Board 
  • Politicized

A conceptualization of criminal justice system d characterized by an emphasis on protecting civil liberties.

  • Best Interest of the Child 
  • Crime Control Model 
  • Due Process Model 
  • Policy