Primary Sources

Primary Source Document: Slaves—Thirty Years a Slave: From Bondage to Freedom by Louis Hughes

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Primary Source Document: Slaves—Selections from the WPA Interviews of Formerly Enslaved African Americans on Slavery

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Primary Source Document: Soldiers—Selections from the WPA Interviews of Formerly Enslaved African Americans on Being a Civil War Soldier.

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Primary Source Document: Soldiers—I Hope to Fall With My Face to the Foe by Lewis Douglas.

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Primary Source Document: Soldiers—Letters from Spotswood Rice.

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Primary Source Document: Soldiers—Letter to President Lincoln by Hannah Johnson

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Primary Source Document: Soldiers—Jacob Stroyer: My Experience in the Civil War

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Primary Source Document: Emancipation—Selections from the WPA Interviews of Formerly Enslaved African Americans on Emancipation

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Primary Source Document: Emancipation—Maryland Slave to the President

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Primary Source Document: Emancipation—George W. Hatton: Retaliation in Camp

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Primary Source Document: Emancipation—Black Residents of Nashville to the Union Convention

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See individual documents for correct attributions.