It is important to understand Dark Matter if we want to ponder the fate of the Universe. Astronomers believe there are two possible scenarios: the Universe will continue to expand or the Universe will collapse, called the Big Crunch . The Big Crunch will occur if there is no or not enough Dark Matter.
The Milky Way’s Mass-to Light Ratio
We only see about 10% of the mass of the Milky Way; 90% of the mass is unseen, thus, the term Dark Matter . In the 1930s, Fritz Zwicky first proposed Dark Matter in the galaxies. At first it was not readily accepted, but as astronomers realized the need to find the source for the Milky Way’s (and other galaxies) missing matter, the concept of Dark Matter made sense. Galaxy mass physics shows Dark Matter exists. The challenge now is devising a method and instrumentation to physically observe Dark Matter.