Ethics – Assessments

5.1 Moral Philosophy – Concepts and Distinctions Submission

Do you think that there are objective moral values? Or do you believe that all moral values are relative to either cultures or individuals? Include your reasons.

5.1 Moral Philosophy – Concepts and Distinctions Discussion

What do you think about the connection between morality and the neurobiology of our brains? Do you think these findings affect arguments for or against ethical relativism?

5.2 Normative Theories: Kant’s Deontology Submission

Consider the following scenario: Suppose that instead of doing last evening’s homework, your usually compliant 12-year-old stayed up late playing video games. The next morning the child is distraught because the homework is not finished and asks you to call school and report that she (or he) is ill. Suspend your personal values (how you might respond to this request,) and provide a Kantian response. Use the first formulation of the categorical imperative to explain your reasons. (100 – 150 words)

5.3 Normative Theories: Utilitarianism Submission

Reconsider this scenario: Suppose that instead of doing last evening’s homework, your usually compliant 12-year-old stayed up late playing video games. The next morning the child is distraught because the homework is not finished and asks you to call school and report that she (or he) is ill. Suspend your personal values (how you might respond to this request,) and provide a utilitarian response to the child’s request, explaining why your action provides a greater amount of good than other possible actions. (100-150 words)

5.4 Normative Theories: Virtue Ethics Submission

Let’s consider this scenario one last time: Suppose that instead of doing last evening’s homework, your usually compliant 12-year-old stayed up late playing video games. The next morning the child is distraught because the homework is not finished and asks you to call school and report that she (or he) is ill. Suspend your personal values (how you might respond to this request,) and describe how a virtuous person would respond to this request. Which kinds of virtues would be practiced, which avoided? (100 – 150 words)

5.4 Normative Theories: Virtue Ethics Discussion

Given the knowledge you have gained about these three moral theories — deontology, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics — which do you find yourself more drawn to? Explain your reasons.