Anatomy Pronunciation Guide

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HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY PRONUNCIATION GUIDE

Key Term Pronunciation
cecum se’kum
centriole sen’tre-ol
cerebral aqueduct ser’ĕ-bral, sĕ-re’bral
cerebral cortex ser’ĕ-bral, sĕ-re’bral kor’teks
cerebral peduncles ser’ĕ-bral, sĕ-re’bral
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ser”ĕ-bro-spi’nal
channel protein pro’tēn
chemoreceptor ke”mo-re-sep’ter
cholecystokinin (CCK) ko”le-sis”to-ki’nin
chondrocytes kon’dro-sīts
choroid ko’roid
chromatin kro’mah-tin
chromosome kro’mo-somz
chyme kīm
cilia sil’e-ah
circumduction ser”kum-duk’shun
cisterna chyli sis-ter’nah ki’li
cochlear duct dukt
codon ko’don
colloid kol’oid
cone photoreceptor fo”to-re-sep’tor
conjunctiva kon”junk-ti’vah
cornea kor’ne-ah
corona radiata kor-o’nah ra-de-ah’tah
cortisol kor’tih-sol
covalent bond ko-va’lent
cranium kra’ne-um
creatine phosphate kre’ah-tin fos-fāt
cutaneous membrane ku-ta’ne-us
cytokinesis si”to-kĭ-ne’sis
cytoplasm si’to-plazm
defecation def”ih-ka’shun
deglutition deg”loo-tish’un
dehydration de”hi-dra’shun
dendrite den’drīt
deoxyribonucleic acid de-ok”sĭ-ri”bo-nu-kla’ik
depolarization de-po”ler-ah-za’shun
dermal papilla pah-pil’ah
desmosome dez’muh-sōm
diapedesis di”ah-pĕ-de’sis
diaphysis di-af’ĭ-sis
diastole di-as’to-le
diploë dip’lo-e
diplopia dĭ-plo’pe-ah
DNA polymerase de-ok”sĭ-ri”bo-nu-kla’ik
DNA replication de-ok”sĭ-ri”bo-nu-kla’ik
dural sinus si’nus
eccrine sweat gland ek’rin
edema ĕ-de’mah
effector protein ef-ek’ter pro’tēn
ejaculatory duct dukt
elastic cartilage kar’tĭ-lij
electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) e-lek”tro-car’de-o-gram”
endocardium en”do-kar’de-um
endochondral ossification en”do-kon’dral os”ĭ-fi-ka’shun
endoderm en’do-derm
endometrium en”do-me’tre-um
endomysium en”do-mis’e-um
endosteum en-dos’te-um
endothelium en”do-the’le-um
enteric plexus plek’sus
enzyme en’zīm
ependymal cell ĕ-pen’dĭ-mul
epidermis ep”ĭ-der’mis
epididymis ep”ĭ-dĭ’dĭ-mis
epiglottis eh”puh-glah’tis
epimysium ep”ĭ-mis’e-um
epinephrine ep”ĭ-nef’rin
epiphyseal line e”pĭ-fis’e-ul
epiphyseal plate e”pĭ-fis’e-ul
epithelial tissue ep”ĭ-the’le-ul
erythrocyte e-rith’ro-sīt
estrogens es’tro-jenz
exocrine gland ek’so-krin
exocytosis  ek”so-si-to’sis
external acoustic meatus  me-a’tus
external anal sphincter  sfink’ter
external urinary sphincter  sfink’ter
exteroceptor  ek”ster-o-sep’tor
extrinsic eye muscles ek-strin’sik
facilitated diffusion dĭ-fu’zhun
fascicle fas’ĭ-kl
fast oxidative (FO) ok’sĭ-da”tiv
feces fe’sēz
fibrin fi’brin
fibrinogen fi-brin’o-jin
fibroblast fi’bro-blast
fibular collateral ligament lig’ah-ment
fixator fix’a-ter
flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) ad’ĕ-nēn
flexion flek’shun
follicle fah’lih-kul
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) fah’lih-kul
foramen lacerum fo-ra’men
foramen magnum fo-ra’men
foramen ovale fo-ra’men
foramen ovale of the middle cranial fossa fo-ra’men fos’ah
foramen rotundum fo-ra’men
foramen spinosum fo-ra’men
frontal sinus si’nus
fundus fun’dus
G protein pro’tēn
gamete gam’ēt
ganglion gang’gle-on
ganglionic neuron gan”gle-ah’nik nu’ron
gastrulation gas”troo-la’shun
genotype jen’o-tīp
glans penis pe’nis
glenohumeral ligament lig’ah-ment
glial cell gle’al
glomerular filtration rate (GFR) glo-mer’yoo-ler
glottis glah’tis
glucagon gloo’kah-gon
glucocorticoids gloo”ko-kor’tĭ-koidz
gluconeogenesis gloo”ko-ne”o-jen’ĕ-sis
glycocalyx gli”ko-kal’iks
glycolysis gli-kol’ĭ-sis
Golgi apparatus gol’je
gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) gon”ah-do-trōp’in
gonadotropins gon”ah-do-trōp’inz
gonads go’nads
greater splanchnic nerve splangk’nik
gustation gus-ta’shun
gustatory receptor cells re-sep’tor
hard palate pal’at
hematocrit he-mat’o-krit
hematopoiesis hem”ah-to-poi-e’sis
heme hēm
hemoglobin he’muh-glo-bin
hemophilia he”mo-fil’e-ah
hemopoiesis he”mo-poi-e’sis
hemostasis  he”mo-sta’sis
hepatic artery  hĕ-pat’ik
hepatic artery proper  hĕ-pat’ik
hepatic portal system  hĕ-pat’ik
hepatic portal vein  hĕ-pat’ik vān”
hepatic vein  hĕ-pat’ik vān”
 hepatopancreatic ampulla  pan”kre-at’ik am-pul’lah
 hepatopancreatic sphincter  pan”kre-at’ik sfink’ter
 heterozygous  het”er-o-zi’gus
 histamine  his’tuh-mēn
 histology  his-tol’o-je
 homeostasis  ho”me-o-sta’sis
 homologous  ho-mol’ŏ-gus
 homozygous  ho-mo-zi’gus
 hyaline cartilage hi’ah-līn kar’tĭ-lij
 hypercapnia  hi”per-kap’ne-ah
 hyperglycemia  hi”per-gli-se’me-ah
 hyperplasia  hi”per-pla’ze-ah
 hypertrophy  hi-per’trah-fe
 hypophyseal (pituitary) fossa  hi”po-fiz’-e-al (pĭ-tu’ih-tayr”e) fos’ah
 hypophyseal portal system  hi”po-fiz’-e-al sis-tem
 hypothalamus  hi”po-thal’ah-mus
hypovolemic shock hi”po-vo-le’mik
hypoxia hi-pok’se-ah
ileocecal sphincter il”e-o-se’kal sfink’ter
ileum il’e-um
iliofemoral ligament lig’ah-ment
inferior mesenteric ganglion mes”en-ter’ik gang’gle-on
inflammation in”flah-ma’shun
infraorbital foramen fo-ra’men
infundibulum in”fun-dib’u-lum
inhibitory post-synaptic potential (IPSP) post-si-nap’tik
integral protein pro’tēn
integumentary system in-teg”u-men’tar-e sis-tem
intercalated disc in-ter’kah-la”ted
interferons in-ter-fēr’ons
internal acoustic meatus me-a’tus
internal anal sphincter sfink’ter
 internal carotid artery  kar-rot’id
 interoceptor  in”ter-o-sep’tor
 interstitial fluid (IF)  in”ter-stish’al
 intervertebral disc  in”ter-ver’teh-brul
 intramembranous ossification  os”ĭ-fi-ka’shun
 ion  ī’on
 ionic bond  ī-ah’nik
 ischiofemoral ligament  lig’ah-ment
 isometric contraction  i”so-mĕ’trik
 isotonic contraction  i”so-tah’nik
 isotope  i’so-tōp
 jejunum  jĕ-joo’num
 jugular foramen  fo-ra’men
 juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA)  juks”tah-glo-mer’u-lar
 keratin  ker’ah-tin
ketone bodies  ke’tōn
 kinetic energy  ki-net’ik
labia majora la’be-ah
labia minora la’be-ah
 lacrimal bone  lak’ri-mal
 lacrimal gland  lak’ri-mal
 lactation  lak-ta’shun
 lacteal  lak’te-al
 lactic acid  lak’tik
 lactiferous ducts  dukts
 lactiferous sinus  si’nus
 lambdoid suture  soo’cher
 lamina propria  lam’ĭ-nah
 laryngopharynx  fayr’inks
 larynx  lar’ingks
 lateral sulcus  sul’kus
 leukocytosis  loo”ko-si-to’sis
 leukopenia  loo”ko-pe’ne-ah
 limbic system  lim’bik sis-tem
 lipids  lih’pids
 lipogenesis  lĭ-po-jen’eh-sis
 lipoprotein lipase  lĭ-po-pro’tēn
 longitudinal fissure  fih’sher
 lumbar enlargement  lum’bar
lumbar plexus lum’bar plek’sus
lumbar puncture lum’bar
lumbar vertebrae lum’bar
lumen loo’min
luteinizing hormone (LH) lu’te-in-īz”ing
lymph node limf
lymphatic capillaries lim-fat’ik kap’il-layr”ēs
lymphatic trunks lim-fat’ik
lysosome li’so-sōm
macrophage mak’ro-fāj”
macula mak’u-lah
major duodenal papilla pah-pil’ah
mammary glands mam’mer-e
mandible man’dĭ-bl
mandibular fossa fos’ah
mastication mas”tĭ-ka’shun
maxillary sinus si’nus
mechanoreceptor meh”kĕ-no-re-sep’tor
medial geniculate nucleus me’de-ahl nu’kle-is
medulla mĕ-dul’ah
melanin mel’ah-nin
melatonin mel”ah-to’nin
menarche mĕ-nar’ke
meninges mĕ-nin’jēz
mesencephalon mes”en-sef’ah-lon
mesenchyme meh’zin-kīm
mesoderm mez’o-derm
 metabolic acidosis mĕt”ah-bol’ik as”ĭ-do’sis
metabolic alkalosis mĕt”ah-bol’ik al”kah-lo’sis
metabolic rate mĕt”ah-bol’ik
metabolism mĕ-tab’o-lizm
metabotropic receptor re-sep’tor
metastasis mĕ-tas’tah-sis
microfilament mi”kro-fil’ah-ment
microglia mi-kro’gle-ah
microtubule mi”kro-tu’būl
micturition mik”tu-rish’un
middle cranial fossa fos’ah
mineralocorticoids min”er-al”ō-kor’tih-koydz
minerals min’er-alz
mitochondrion mi”to-kon’dre-on
molar mo’lar
monocyte mon’o-sīt
monosaccharide mon”o-sak’ah-rīd
morula mor’u-lah
mucous membrane myoo’kus
mucous neck cell myoo’kus
muscarinic receptor mus”kah-rin’ik re-sep’tor
myelin sheath mi’ĕ-lin
myocardial infarction mi”o-kar’de-al in-fark’shun
myocardium mi”o-kar’de-um
myofibril mi”o-fi’bril
myometrium mi”o-me’tre-um
nasal bone na’sal
nasal cavity na’sal
nasal septum na’sal
nephrons nef’rons
nerve plexus plek’sus
neuroglia nu-rog’le-ah
neuron nu’ron
neuropeptide nu”ro-pep’tīd
neutron nu’tron
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) ad’ĕ-nēn dĭ-nu’kle-o-tīd
nicotinic receptor nik”o-tin’ik re-sep’tor
nociceptor no”se-sep’tor
nonshivering thermogenesis ther”mo-jen’ĕ-sis
norepinephrine nor”ep-ĭ-nef’rin
nucleolus nu-kle’o-lus
nucleosome nu’kle-o-sōm
nucleotide nu’kle-o-tīd
nucleus nu’kle-is
nucleus pulposus nu’kle-is
olfactory epithelium ep”ĭ-the’le-um
oligodendrocyte ol”ĭ-go-den’dro-sīt
oocyte o’o-sīt
oogenesis o”o-jen’ĕ-sis
optic canal op’tik
optic chiasma op’tik ki-az’muh
optic disc op’tik
optic nerve op’tik
optic tract op’tik
organ of Corti kor’tih
organ system sis-tem
oropharynx fayr’inks
osmosis oz-mo’sis
ossicles ah’sih-kulz
ossification os”ĭ-fi-ka’shun
osteoblast os’te-o-blast
osteoclast os’te-o-klast
osteocyte os’te-o-sīt
osteoid os’te-oid
osteomalacia os”te-o-mah-la’she-ah
osteon os’te-on
osteoporosis os”te-o-po-ro’sis
ovarian cycle o-vayr’e-an
ovulation ov”u-la’shun
ovum o’vum
oxidation oks’ĭ-da”shun
oxidation–reduction reaction oks’ĭ-da”shun
oxidative phosphorylation ok’sĭ-da”tiv fos”for-ĭ-la’shun
oxyhemoglobin ok”sĭ-he”mo-glo’bin
oxytocin ok”sĭ-to’sin
pancreas pan’kre-us
pancreatic amylase pan”kre-at’ik
pancreatic islets pan”kre-at’ik
pancreatic juice pan”kre-at’ik
pancreatic nuclease pan”kre-at’ik
papilla pah-pil’ah
paracrine par’ah-krin
paranasal sinus si’nus
parasympathetic nervous system sis-tem
parathyroid glands par”ah-thi’roid
parathyroid hormone (PTH) par”ah-thi’roid
paravertebral ganglia par”ah-ver’tĕ-brul gang’gle-ah
parietal bone pah-ri’ĕ-tal
parietal cell pah-ri’ĕ-tal
parietal lobe pah-ri’ĕ-tal
parieto-occipital sulcus sul’kus
parturition par”tu-rish’un
passive immunity im”ūn’ĭ-te
patellar ligament lig’ah-ment
pectoral girdle pek’tor-al
pelvic diaphragm pel’vik di’ah-fram
pelvic girdle pel’vik
penis pe’nis
peptide bond pep’tīd
pericardium per”ĭ-kar’de-um
perimysium per”ĭ-mis’e-um
perineum per”ĭ-ne’um
periodontal ligament lig’ah-ment
periosteum per”e-os’te-um
peripheral nervous system (PNS) sis-tem
peripheral protein pro’tēn
peristalsis per”i-stal’sis
peroxisome pĕ-roks’ĭ-sōm
phagocytosis fag”o-si-to’sis
pharynx fayr’inks
phenotype fe’no-tīp
phospholipid fos”fo-lip’id
photoreceptor fo”to-re-sep’tor
physiology fiz”e-ol’o-je
pineal gland pin’e-al
pinocytosis pe”no-si-to’sis
pituitary dwarfism pĭ-tu’ih-tayr”e
pituitary gland pĭ-tu’ih-tayr”e
plantar flexion flek’shun

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