Court Organization

Learning Objectives

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Discuss the structure of the Texas Court System

Structure of the Texas Court System

The structure of the Texas court system is set up as a bifurcated system, meaning there are two highest courts of appeals for criminal and civil cases. The table below depicts the structure of the Texas court system with some additional jurisdiction, and court information. Note that Juvenile Courts preside in the District Courts- In Texas a juvenile is defined as young as 10 years old, and a juvenile can be convicted as an adult as young as 14 years old. [1]

Structure of the Texas Court System