Course Contents at a Glance

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The following list shows a summary of the topics covered in this course. To see all of the course pages, visit the Table of Contents.

Module 1: Essential Ideas

  • Chemistry in Context
  • Phases and Classification of Matter
  • Physical and Chemical Properties
  • Measurements
  • Measurement Uncertainty, Accuracy, and Precision
  • Scientific Notation
  • Mathematical Treatment of Measurement Results

Module 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

  • Early Ideas in Atomic Theory
  • Evolution of Atomic Theory
  • Atomic Structure and Symbolism
  • Chemical Formulas

Module 3: Electronic Structure and Periodic Properties of Elements

  • Electromagnetic Energy
  • The Bohr Model
  • Development of Quantum Theory
  • Electronic Structure of Atoms (Electron Configurations)
  • Periodic Variations in Element Properties
  • The Periodic Table
  • Molecular and Ionic Compounds

Module 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry

  • Ionic Bonding
  • Covalent Bonding
  • Chemical Nomenclature
  • Lewis Symbols and Structures
  • Formal Charges and Resonance
  • Molecular Structure and Polarity

Module 5: Advanced Theories of Covalent Bonding

  • Valence Bond Theory
  • Hybrid Atomic Orbitals
  • Multiple Bonds
  • Molecular Orbital Theory

Module 6: Composition of Substances and Solutions

  • Formula Mass and the Mole Concept
  • Determining Empirical and Molecular Formulas
  • Molarity
  • Other Units for Solution Concentrations

Module 7: Stoichiometry of Chemical Reactions

  • Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations
  • Classifying Chemical Reactions
  • Reaction Stoichiometry
  • Reaction Yields
  • Quantitative Chemical Analysis

Module 8: Gases

  • Gas Pressure
  • Relating Pressure, Volume, Amount, and Temperature: The Ideal Gas Law
  • Stoichiometry of Gaseous Substances, Mixtures, and Reactions
  • Effusion and Diffusion of Gases
  • The Kinetic-Molecular Theory
  • Non-Ideal Gas Behavior

Module 9: Thermochemistry

  • Energy Basics
  • Calorimetry
  • Enthalpy
  • Strengths of Ionic and Covalent Bonds

Module 10: Liquids and Solids

  • Intermolecular Forces
  • Properties of Liquids
  • Phase Transitions
  • Phase Diagrams
  • The Solid State of Matter
  • Lattice Structures in Crystalline Solids

Module 11: Solutions and Colloids

  • The Dissolution Process
  • Electrolytes
  • Solubility
  • Colligative Properties
  • Colloids

Module 12: Thermodynamics

  • Spontaneity
  • Entropy
  • The Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics
  • Free Energy

Module 13: Fundamental Equilibrium Concepts

  • Chemical Equilibria
  • Equilibrium Constants
  • Shifting Equilibria: Le Châtelier’s Principle
  • Equilibrium Calculations

Module 14: Acid-Based Equilibria

  • Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases
  • pH and pOH
  • Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases
  • Hydrolysis of Salt Solutions
  • Polyprotic Acids
  • Buffers
  • Acid-Base Titrations

Module 15: Equilibria of Other Reaction Classes

  • Precipitation and Dissolution
  • Lewis Acids and Bases
  • Multiple Equilibria

Module 16: Electrochemistry

  • Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
  • Galvanic Cells
  • Standard Reduction Potentials
  • The Nernst Equation
  • Batteries and Fuel Cells
  • Corrosion
  • Electrolysis

Module 17: Kinetics

  • Chemical Reaction Rates
  • Factors Affecting Reaction Rates
  • Rate Laws
  • Integrated Rate Laws
  • Collision Theory
  • Reaction Mechanisms
  • Catalysis

Module 18: Representative Metals, Metalloids, and Nonmetals

  • Periodicity
  • Occurrence and Preparation of the Representative Metals
  • Structure and General Properties of the Metalloids
  • Structure and General Properties of the Nonmetals
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Compounds of Hydrogen
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of Carbonates
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of Nitrogen
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of Phosphorus
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Compounds of Oxygen
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of Sulfur
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of Halogens
  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of the Noble Gases

Module 19: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

  • Occurrence, Preparation, and Properties of Transition Metals and Their Compounds
  • Coordination Chemistry of Transition Metals
  • Spectroscopic and Magnetic Properties of Coordination Compounds

Module 20: Nuclear Chemistry

  • Nuclear Structure and Stability
  • Nuclear Equations
  • Radioactive Decay
  • Transmutation and Nuclear Energy
  • Uses of Radioisotopes
  • Biological Effects of Radiation

Module 21: Organic Chemistry

  • Hydrocarbons
  • Alcohols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acids, and Esters
  • Amines and Amides

Appendices