Key Terms & Concepts

  • Economic organization
  • Systems of production
  • Carrying capacity
  • Subsistence strategy
  • Foraging: aquatic, pedestrian, equestrian
  • Pastoralism
  • Horticulture: shifting field, slash and burn, polycropping
  • Intensive agriculture: non-industrial, industrial
  • Monocropping
  • Neolithic revolution
  • Market principle
  • Reciprocity
  • Systems of exchange: generalized reciprocity, balanced reciprocity, negative reciprocity
  • Redistribution
  • Systems of redistribution: Big Men, taxes, Potlatch