Key Terms & Concepts

  • Political system/Political organization
  • Power
  • Authority
  • Types of political organization: band, tribe, chiefdom, state
  • Egalitarian
  • Status
  • Ascribed status
  • Achieved status
  • Big man
  • Pantribal sodality
  • Differential access
  • Hegemony
  • Social stratification
  • Class system (social classes)
  • Open class system
  • Caste system
  • The caste system in India (Varnas): Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras, Dalit
  • Social control: informal means and formal means
  • Social norms
  • Deviance
  • Sanctions
  • Social values
  • Laws
  • Genocide