Key Terms & Concepts

  • Definitions of religion: analytical, functional, essentialist
  • Function of religion: psychological reasons, social reasons
  • Myth
  • Supernatural
  • Mana
  • Animatism
  • Animism
  • Ritual
  • Communitas
  • Portrayal influence
  • Magic
  • Principle of imitation (similarity)
  • Principle of contagion
  • Divination
  • The sacred
  • Totem
  • Patterns of belief: monotheism, henotheism, polytheism
  • Religious Practitioners: shaman, priest, sorcerer, witch, Wiccans, medium
  • Syncretic
  • Revitalization movement
  • Cargo cults of Melanesia
  • The Ghost Dance
  • Four categories of religion: indivualistic, shamanistic, communal, ecclesiastical
  • Rites of passage: separation, liminal, incorporation
  • Vision quest
  • Religious demographics