Key Terms & Concepts

  • Social Evolution (Unilineal Evolution): E. B. Tylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, and Herbert Spencer
  • Historical Particularism: Franz Boas and Alfred Kroeber
  • Functionalism: Herbert Spencer, Émile Durkheim, and Bronislaw Malinowski
  • Structural Functionalism: A.R Radcliffe-Brown
  • Culture and Personality: Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead
  • Cultural Ecology: Julian Steward and Leslie White
  • Structural Anthropology: Claude Lévi-Strauss
  • Cultural Materialism: Marvin Harris
  • Symbolic and Interpretive Anthropology: Victor Turner, Clifford Geertz, and David Schneider
  •     The British school : Victor Turner and Mary Douglas.
  •     The American school: Clifford Geertz and Sherry Ortner
  • Postmodernism
  • Feminist Anthropology