behavioral approach: the approach that suggests that the keys to understanding development are observable behavior and outside stimuli in the environment

biopsychology: how our biology influences our behavior

cognitive approach: an approach that focuses on the process that allows people to know, understand and think about the world

concerns theory: conceptualizes the learning process for a prospective teacher as a natural flow from concerns for self (teacher) to task (teaching) to impact (pupil)

contextual approach: a theory that considers the relationship between individuals and their physical, cognitive, and social worlds

educational psychology: branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning