Why It Matters: Grammar Basics

Why learn to examine proper English grammar?

There are several different types of English. While there are some obvious examples of different varieties (e.g., American and British English), there are other differing types, such as formal vs. informal English or verbal vs. written English. There are also different varieties of English that are unique to cultural, societal, or professional groups.

While all of these types of English are equally dynamic and complex, each variety is appropriate in different situations. When you’re talking to your friends, you might use slang and cultural references—if you speak in formal language, you can easily come off as stiff. If you’re sending a quick casual message—via social media or texting—you don’t need to worry much about capitalization or strict punctuation. Sure, use five exclamation points standing alone, if that gets your point across.

Decorative image.However, there’s this thing called Standard American English. This English is used in professional and academic settings, so that people can communicate with and understand one another. While this online jargon is great for quick communication, it isn’t formal: it isn’t a part of the commonly accepted conventions that make up Standard American English.

Grammar is a set of rules and conventions that dictate how Standard American English works. These rules are simply tools that speakers of a language can use. When you learn how to use the language, you can craft your message to communicate exactly what you want to convey.