Terminology used in this manual is as generic as possible, just as it is in the standards of the National Fire Protection Association and the International Code Council. Many variations in terms will be encountered in different areas of the U.S. or in other countries. For example, this manual uses the term “aerial apparatus” to describe a fire service vehicle with a long, aerial ladder. Yet, in this country alone, other terms used to describe the same vehicle include: “truck,” “ladder,” “aerial,” “ladder truck,” “tower,” or “tower ladder.” Or, in some cases, the same terms could be used to describe a particular aerial fire apparatus. Similarly, in some areas the term “truck” refers only to aerial apparatus, while in other areas this term could also include pumper apparatus.
In another example of potentially confusing terminology, fire apparatus drivers in some areas of the country are referred to as “engineers.” Consider the situation of an architect speaking to a fire officer in an area where this terminology is used. You can easily see how the fire officer could use the term “engineer” to mean a driver, while the architect interprets the term as a building design engineer.
The editions of the codes and standards referenced in this manual are not included. The information and requirements referenced in this manual are from the latest editions available during the manual’s development in 2015. Subsequent revisions to these codes and standards may change the sections or the requirements referenced. The editions adopted by local or state laws in a given jurisdiction may vary.
AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction): the entity legally designated to enforce a code or standard.
Apparatus: fire service vehicle.
Apparatus, aerial: apparatus that carries ladders and tools.
Apparatus, pumper: apparatus that carries hose, a pump, and a water tank.
Apparatus, quint: apparatus that contains aerial and pumper equipment.
Code Official: a fire code official, building code official, or authority having jurisdiction.
Code Official, Building: person legally designated to enforce a building code.
Code Official, Fire: person legally designated to enforce a fire code.
Engine company: pumper apparatus and personnel.
First due unit: engine company or truck company designated to respond first to an incident at a given location.
Hose lay, straight (or forward): an engine company evolution (task) to lay hose from a water source to an incident scene or another unit.
Hose lay, reverse: an engine company evolution (task) to lay hose from an incident scene or another unit to a water source.
Hose line, preconnected: a hose of fixed length with a nozzle attached and connected to a discharge outlet on a pumper.
IBC: International Building Code.
IFC: International Fire Code.
Ladder company: aerial apparatus and personnel.
NFPA: National Fire Protection Association.
NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code.
NFPA 101: Life Safety Code.
NFPA 241: Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations.
NFPA 550: Fire Safety Concepts Tree.
NFPA 1141: Standard for Fire Protection in Planned Building Groups.
NFPA 5000: Building Construction and Safety Code.
Pre-incident plan: document containing information on a specific facility to facilitate emergency operations.
Truck company: aerial apparatus and personnel.