Unit 12 Sprinker Systems

  • FESHE Identify different types and components of sprinkler and foam systems


Design and operation of various types of systems; inspection and maintenance procedures.  Demonstration of sprinkler operation.  Methods of how to relate to differences in cultural attitudes when dealing with minority owners and tenants.



Sprinkler systems provide early fire control or extinguishment, helping to mitigate the hazards for occupants and firefighters alike. Building codes, fire codes, and life safety codes specify when to provide sprinkler systems. These may be either locally written codes or adopted model codes such as the IBC, the IFC, NFPA 1, NFPA 101, or NFPA 5000. In addition, various sections of the OSHA standards require the installation of sprinkler systems.

A widely accepted installation standard for commercial system design is NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems. Other standards include: NFPA 13D, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Mobile Homes; and NFPA 13R, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height. Designers may also refer to NFPA 13E, Recommended Practice for Fire Department Operations in Properties Protected by Sprinkler and Standpipe Systems, although any given fire service organization may follow different standard operating procedures.

There is some flexibility in portions of the system that may impact the fire service.