Haydn: List of Symphonies

Haydn Symphonies

There are 106 symphonies by the classical composer Joseph Haydn (1732–1809). Of these, 104 have numbers associated with them which were originally assigned by Eusebius Mandyczewski in 1908 in the chronological order that was known at the time. In the subsequent decades, numerous inaccuracies in the chronology (especially in the lower numbers) were found, but the Mandyczewski numbers were so widely used that when Anthony van Hoboken compiled his catalogue of Haydn’s works, he incorporated the Mandyczewski number into Catalogue I (e.g., Symphony No. 34 is listed as Hob. I/34). Also in that time period, two additional symphonies were discovered (which were assigned non-Mandyczewskian letters “A” and “B”) bringing the total to 106.

The Symphonies

  • Symphony No. 1 in D major (composed by 1759)
  • Symphony No. 2 in C major (between 1757 and 1761)
  • Symphony No. 3 in G major (between 1760 and 1762)
  • Symphony No. 4 in D major (between 1757 and 1761)
  • Symphony No. 5 in A major (between 1760 and 1762)
  • Symphony No. 6 in D major, Le matin (1761)
  • Symphony No. 7 in C major, Le midi (1761)
  • Symphony No. 8 in G major, Le soir (1761)
  • Symphony No. 9 in C major (1762)
  • Symphony No. 10 in D major (between 1757 and 1761)
  • Symphony No. 11 in E-flat major (between 1760 and 1762)
  • Symphony No. 12 in E major (1763)
  • Symphony No. 13 in D major (1763)
  • Symphony No. 14 in A major (between 1761 and 1763)
  • Symphony No. 15 in D major (between 1760 and 1763)
  • Symphony No. 16 in B-flat major (between 1757 and 1761)
  • Symphony No. 17 in F major (between 1757 and 1763)
  • Symphony No. 18 in G major (between 1757 and 1764)
  • Symphony No. 19 in D major (between 1757 and 1761)
  • Symphony No. 20 in C major (by 1762)
  • Symphony No. 21 in A major (1764)
  • Symphony No. 22 in E-flat major, Philosopher (1764)
  • Symphony No. 23 in G major (1764)
  • Symphony No. 24 in D major (1764)
  • Symphony No. 25 in C major (between 1761 and, most likely, in 1763)
  • Symphony No. 26 in D minor, Lamentatione (1768, maybe 1769)
  • Symphony No. 27 in G major (probably before 1760)
  • Symphony No. 28 in A major (1765)
  • Symphony No. 29 in E major (1765)
  • Symphony No. 30 in C major, Alleluia (1765)
  • Symphony No. 31 in D major, Hornsignal (1765)
  • Symphony No. 32 in C major (between 1757 and 1763, probably 1760/1761)
  • Symphony No. 33 in C major (1760/1761, or 1763–65)
  • Symphony No. 34 in D minor (1765)
  • Symphony No. 35 in B-flat major (1767)
  • Symphony No. 36 in E-flat major (first half of the 1760s)
  • Symphony No. 37 in C major (by 1758)
  • Symphony No. 38 in C major, Echo (between 1765 and 1769, perhaps 1768)
  • Symphony No. 39 in G minor (1767/1768)
  • Symphony No. 40 in F major (by 1763)
  • Symphony No. 41 in C major (by 1769)
  • Symphony No. 42 in D major (by 1771)
  • Symphony No. 43 in E-flat major, Mercury (by 1771)
  • Symphony No. 44 in E minor, Trauer (1772)
  • Symphony No. 45 in F-sharp minor, Farewell (1772)
  • Symphony No. 46 in B major (1772)
  • Symphony No. 47 in G major, The Palindrome (1772)
  • Symphony No. 48 in C major, Maria Theresia (1768/1769)
  • Symphony No. 49 in F minor, La passione (1768)
  • Symphony No. 50 in C major (1773 and 1774)
  • Symphony No. 51 in B-flat major (1773/1774)
  • Symphony No. 52 in C minor (1771/1772)
  • Symphony No. 53 in D major, L’impériale (1778)/(1779)
  • Symphony No. 54 in G major (1774)
  • Symphony No. 55 in E-flat major, The Schoolmaster (by 1774)
  • Symphony No. 56 in C major (by 1774)
  • Symphony No. 57 in D major (1774)
  • Symphony No. 58 in F major (1774)
  • Symphony No. 59 in A major, Feuer (by 1769)
  • Symphony No. 60 in C major, Il distratto (by 1775, probably 1774)
  • Symphony No. 61 in D major (1776)
  • Symphony No. 62 in D major (1780/1781)
  • Symphony No. 63 in C major, La Roxelane (between 1779 and 1781)
  • Symphony No. 64 in A major, Tempora mutantur (between 1773 and 1775)
  • Symphony No. 65 in A major (by 1778)
  • Symphony No. 66 in B-flat major (1775–1776?)
  • Symphony No. 67 in F major (by 1779)
  • Symphony No. 68 in B-flat major (by 1779)
  • Symphony No. 69 in C major, Laudon (by 1779)
  • Symphony No. 70 in D major (by 1779)
  • Symphony No. 71 in B-flat major (by 1780)
  • Symphony No. 72 in D major (between 1763 and 1765)
  • Symphony No. 73 in D major, La chasse (1782)
  • Symphony No. 74 in E-flat major (1780/1781)
  • Symphony No. 75 in D major (between 1779 and 1781)
  • Symphony No. 76 in E-flat major (1782)
  • Symphony No. 77 in B-flat major (1782)
  • Symphony No. 78 in C minor (1782)
  • Symphony No. 79 in F major (1784)
  • Symphony No. 80 in D minor (1784)
  • Symphony No. 81 in G major (1784)
  • The “Paris symphonies”:
    • Symphony No. 82 in C major, The Bear (1786)
    • Symphony No. 83 in G minor, The Hen (1785)
    • Symphony No. 84 in E-flat major, In nomine Domini (1786)
    • Symphony No. 85 in B-flat major, La Reine (“The Queen”) (1785/1786)
    • Symphony No. 86 in D major (1786)
    • Symphony No. 87 in A major (1786)
  • Symphony No. 88 in G major (1787)
  • Symphony No. 89 in F major (1787)
  • Symphony No. 90 in C major (1788)
  • Symphony No. 91 in E-flat major (1788)
  • Symphony No. 92 in G major, Oxford (1789)
  • The “London symphonies”:
    • Symphony No. 93 in D major (1791)
    • Symphony No. 94 in G major, The Surprise (1791)
    • Symphony No. 95 in C minor (1791)
    • Symphony No. 96 in D major, The Miracle (1791)
    • Symphony No. 97 in C major (1792)
    • Symphony No. 98 in B-flat major (1792)
    • Symphony No. 99 in E-flat major (1793)
    • Symphony No. 100 in G major, Military (1793/1794)
    • Symphony No. 101 in D major, The Clock (1793/1794)
    • Symphony No. 102 in B-flat major (1794)
    • Symphony No. 103 in E-flat major, Drumroll (1795)
    • Symphony No. 104 in D major, London (1795)

Hoboken also includes four other works in his “Symphony” category (Hob. I):

  • Hob. I/105 in B-flat major, better known as the Sinfonia Concertante for violin, cello, oboe and bassoon (1792)
  • Hob. I/106, for which only one part has survived (1769?)
  • Hob. I/107 in B-flat major, often known not by a number but as Symphony A (between 1757 and 1760)
  • Hob. I/108 in B-flat major, often known not by a number but as Symphony B (between 1757 and 1760)

Despite this, the number of “symphonies” by Haydn is usually given as 106.

Complete recordings

Four conductors have recorded the complete symphonies of Joseph Haydn.

  • The first to complete the recording project was the Austrian conductor Ernst Märzendorfer, who recorded them with the Vienna Chamber Orchestra. However, this set of recordings had a very limited release and remains largely unknown.
  • The first to make a complete recording that was widely available was the Hungarian-British conductor Antal Doráti, with the Philharmonia Hungarica.
  • Hungarian conductor Ádám Fischer recorded a complete cycle in the late 1990s with the Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra.
  • In 2009, American conductor Dennis Russell Davies completed a cycle with the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra.

Christopher Hogwood was to have recorded a complete cycle of Haydn symphonies with the Academy of Ancient Music (AAM) for Decca’s L’Oiseau Lyre imprint in a total of 15 volumes, each containing 3 CDs. Between 1990 and 2000, a total of 10 of these volumes were commercially released; these volumes contain Nos. 1–75, plus the two early symphonies numbered 107 and 108, and are presented in a theoretical chronological order rather than numerical order. (The program booklets contained in each of these 10 volumes contain a concordance to the complete contents of the 15 volumes.) Prior to the commencement of this project, Hogwood and the AAM had recorded several of Haydn’s later symphonies for L’Oiseau Lyre, which were released on LP. These earlier recordings were never re-issued on CD, the remaining five volumes of the series were never released, and the L’Oiseau Lyre imprint was discontinued. Another attempt at a complete Haydn cycle on period instruments begun around this time, by the Hanover Band led by Roy Goodman for Nimbus, was also never completed.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Ethan Haimo, “Haydn’s symphonic forms: essays in compositional logic”, Oxford University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-19-816392-4, ISBN 978-0-19-816392-3.
  2. ^ Oxford Composer Companions: Haydn, ed. David Wyn Jones, Oxford University Press, 2002, p. 381. ISBN 0-19-866216-5
  3. ^ Haydn: Symphonies Nos. 1–5, Naxos. Review by Christopher Howell, Music Web International[unreliable source?]
  4. ^ http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/cd_reviews/article6949003.ece (subscription required)

References

  • H. C. Robbins Landon, The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn (Universal Edition and Rockliff, 1955)