Medical Terminology

an-/a–   without, not

  • anaerobic – an/aer/o/bic:  pertaining to a process without air (oxygen)

cerebr–   brain

  • cerebral – cerebr/al:  pertaining to the brain

colla–   glue

  • collagen – colla/gen:  producer of glue (-gen means to produce)

dia–  through

  • diarrhea – dia/rrhea:  to flow through (-rrhea means to flow)

dys–  bad

  • dysfunctional – dys/function/al:  pertaining to a bad function

glyco–   sweet

  • glycogen – glyco/gen:  producer of sugar (form of glucose storage)

heter–   different, not the same

  • heterogeneous –

hydro–   water

  • hydrophobic – hydro/phob/ic – pertaining to a fear of water

lip–  fat

  • lipoma – lip/oma – tumor of fat (-oma means tumor)

neuro-   nerve or nervous system

  • neurosis – neur/osis:  a medical condition of the nervous system

oid-   like, similar to

  • lipoid – lip/oid – like (similar to) fat

pan–   all

  • pandemic – pan/dem/ic:  pertaining to all demographic (widespread over all the country or world)

pharmac–   drug

  • pharmacology – pharmac/ology:  study of medications/drugs

phob–   fear

  • phobia – phob/ia:  a condition of fear

plasia–   development

  • hyperplasia – hyper/plasia:  excessive, more than normal development

plast–   surgical repair

  • rhinoplasty – rhino/plast/y:  surgical repair of the nose

poly–   many

  • polymorphic – poly/morph/ic:  pertaining to many shapes or forms

sedat–   quiet, calm

  • sedative – sedat/ive:  an agent such as a drug that calms or reduces excitement

syn/sym–   together

  • syndactyly – syn/dactyl/y:  finger togetherness; the most common congenital defect of the hand in which adjacent fingers are attached by a membranous web

tope–   place or location

  • topical – top/ic/al:  pertaining to a particular spot; local