Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology

When interpreting complex medical terms, it is best to learn root words and word endings individually.  When the words are combined, understanding the meanings will be much simpler.

Terms for Module 9:

megal– enlarged, root word appears as “mega” meaning “large” or “great”

  • hepatomegaly (hepat/o/megal/y) means enlargement of the liver

path- disease

  • pathologist (path/ ologist) is a specialist in the study of diseases.

aden- gland

  • adenectomy (aden/ ectomy) is the surgical removal, excision of all or part of a gland

gen- original, production

  • pathogen (path/o/gen) is a producer of disease

supra- above,over, higher than

  • suprahepatic (spurs/ hepat/ ic)- means pertaining to or of a location above, over the liver.

crine- to secrete

  • hypercrinia (hyper/crin/ia)- refers to excessive, above normal, high, over, secretion of any endocrine gland.

glycol- sweet, sugar

  • glycolysis (glycol/y/sis)- process that breaks down glucose/sugar to produce ATP/ energy in the cell

metabole- change

  • metabolism (metabol/ ism)- is the transformation/ change by which energy is made available for use by the body.

tumor- swelling

  • tumor- swelling or mass

macro- large

  • macroscopic (macro/scopic)- relating to large-scale or general analysis, visible to the naked eye.

intra- within

  • intraspinal (intra/spin/ al)- denotes being situated or occurring within or inside the spinal vertebral column.

thyro- thyroid

  • hyperthyroidism (hyper/thyroid/ism)- indicates a condition of having excessive or high activity of the thyroid gland.

adreno- adrenal gland

  • adrenalopathy (aden/al/o/path/y)- refers to any disease of the adrenal gland.

hormone- excite or set in motion

  • hypohormonal (hypo/hormon/al)- pertains to a hormone deficiency.