Objectives and Outline

Origins of Public Speaking

By: Peter A. DeCaro, Ph.D.
University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify the historical events that led up to democracy and recognize persuasion and public speaking as art forms in Athens, Greece.
  • Describe the nature of public speaking in Athens during the 5th century B.C. and the role it played in a democratic society.
  • Apply Plato’s approach to dialectics and logic.
  • Explain Aristotle’s descriptions of rhetoric and public speaking.
  • Describe the Roman Republic’s adoption of rhetoric to public speaking.
  • Elucidate Cicero’s influence on the Roman Republic and public speaking.
  • Describe the relevance of Quintillion’s influence on the Roman Empire, rhetoric, and public speaking.
  • Recognize the impact that St. Augustine, Christianity, and the Middle Ages had on rhetoric and public speaking.
  • Clarify the roles that the Renaissance, Rationalism, and the Humanists had on the rebirth of rhetoric and public speaking.
  • Explain the role that Classical rhetoric and the advent of psychology in the 18th and 19th centuries, known as the Modern Period, had on public speaking.
  • Describe the influence of the Elocutionary Movement on public speaking.
  • Describe the restoration of public speaking in the United States.

CHAPTER OUTLINE

  • Introduction
  • Ancient Greece
    • The Rise of Democracy
    • The Nature of Rhetoric
    • Dialectics and Logic
    • The Rhetorical Approach
  • The Roman Republic’s Adoption of Rhetoric
    • Cicero’s Influence
    • Quintillion’s Influence
  • The Middle Ages
    • St. Augustine
    • Christianity
  • The Renaissance
    • The Humanists
    • The Rationalists
  • The Modern Period
    • The Epistemological Tradition
    • The Belles Lettres Movement
    • The Elocutionary Movement
  • Conclusion
  • Review Questions and Activities
  • Glossary
  • References