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Verderber, R. F., Verderber, K. S., & Sellnow, D. D. (2008). The challenge of effective speaking (14th edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning.

Zarefsky, D. (2010). Public speaking: Strategies for success (6th edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

photo credits

p. 3 Bog Turtle by R.G. Tucker ning.jpg

p. 4 Oscar Mayer Wienermobile byJalopnik of-the-wienermobile/gallery/1

p. 4 Mac vs PC c.pc.users/t1larg.mac.pc.2.jpg

p. 5 Rio Nido Mudslide by Dave Gately _1337_-_Photograph_by_Dave_Gatley_taken_on_03-01- 1998_in_California.jpg

p. 8 Rainbow Trout by Jonathunder

p. 8 Mayor Carol Shafto by Michigan Municipal League 28314099/

p. 10 Maj. Gen John Nichols by Texas Military Forces 49970/