Objectives and Outline

Speaking with Confidence

Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • ­­­­Understand the nature of communicative apprehension (CA), and be in a better position to deal with your particular “brand” of CA.
  • Analyze objectively the formation of your habitual frame of reference.
  • Apply cognitive restructuring (CR) techniques to create a more positive frame of reference.
  • Understand the importance of customized practice to become conversant in your topic.
  • Create a personal preparation routine to minimize your apprehension.

Chapter Outline

  • Introduction
  • Classifying Communication Apprehension (CA)
    • Trait-anxiety
    • State-anxiety
    • Scrutiny Fear
  • Frames of Reference
    • Habitual Frame of Reference
    • Personal Frame of Reference
  • Cognitive Restructuring (CR)
    • Sources of Apprehension
    • Impact of Apprehension
    • Learning Confidence
  • Techniques for Building Confidence
    • Prepare Well
    • Visualize Success
    • Avoid Gimmicks
    • Breathe and Release
    • Minimize What You Memorize
    • Practice Out Loud
    • Customize Your Practice
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Activities and Exercises
  • Glossary
  • References