Persuasive Speaking: References

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). (2012). Racial Profiling. Retrieved from:

Angelides, P. (2011, June 28). The real causes of the economic crisis? They’re history. The Washington Post. Retrieved from: y.html

Applebaum, E. & Berhardt, A. (2004, December 18). Employers also benefit from a higher minimum wage. Brennan Center for Justice. Retrieved from:

Aral, S. & Walker, D. (2012, 20 July). Identifying influential and susceptible members of social networks. Science, 327 (6092), 337 – 341. Retrieved from:

Avlon, J. (2010, September 2). America’s 9 worst demagogues. The Daily Beast. Retrieved from: demagogues.html

Beebe, S.A. & Beebe, S.J. (2003). Public Speaking: An Audience Centered Approach (5th ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Begala, P. (2012, May 28). Paul Begala: The Right hates spending, unless it pockets the cash. The Daily Beast. Retrieved from: http://www.

Bingham, A. (2011, July 22). Postal Service pushes to end Saturday delivery. ABC News. Retrieved from:

Blackman, S. (2009, September 3). Tired consumers more susceptible to advertising. CBS Money Watch. Retrieved from:

Braet, A.C. (1992). Ethos, pathos, and logos in Aristotle’s rhetoric: A re-examination. Argumentation, 6 (3), pp. 307-320.

Brill, R. (2003, July 21). Why do clouds turn gray before it rains? Scientific American. Retrieved from:

Brooks, D. (2011, November 17). TED 2001: David Brooks explains why there is no reason without emotion. Huffington Post. Retrieved from:

Campbell, K.K. & Huxman, S.S. (2009). The Rhetorical Act: Thinking, Speaking, and Writing Critically. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Caplan, A. (2005). The time has come to let Terri Schiavo die: Politicians, courts must allow husband to make final decision. NBC News. Retrieved from:

Car and Driver (2011, December). 2012 10Best Cars. Car and Driver. Retrieved from:

Catholic Culture. (2005). The death of Terri Schiavo. Catholic World News. Retrieved from:

Cerminara, K. & Goodman, K. (2012). Schiavo Timeline. Retrieved from University of Miami Ethics Program:

DeGrazia, D. (2009). Moral vegetarianism from a very broad basis. Journal of Moral Philosophy, 6. Retrieved from:

Dillard, J.P. & Meijnders, A. (2002). Persuasion and the structure of affect. In J.P. Dillard & M. Pfau (Eds.), The Persuasion Handbook: Developments in Theory and Practice (309-328). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Donovan, T.W. (2010, July 10). 7 Long term effects of the Gulf oil spill. Huffington Post. Retrieved from:

German, K. M., Gronbeck, B. E., Ehninger, D., & Monroe, A. H. (2004). Principles of public speaking (15th ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Goodstein, L. (2006, January 8). Even Pat Robertson’s friends are wondering . . . The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Gowdy, T. (2012). Trey Gowdy’s emotional speech on Holder contempt [Video file]. Retrieved from: G4Btwp0&feature=player_embedded#!

Herrick, J.A. (2011). Argumentation: Understanding and Shaping Arguments. State College, PA: Strata Publishing.

Jaffe, C. (2004). Public speaking: Concepts and skills for a diverse society (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Kandel, J. (2011, July 14). Los Angeles braces for weekend of “Carmageddon.” Reuters. Retrieved from:

Komen National. (n.d.). St. Louis Affiliate of Susan G. Komen for the Cure: Who We Are. Retrieved from

Labossiere, M.C. (1995). The nizkor project. Retrieved from:

O’Hair, D., & Stewart, R. (1999). Public speaking: Challenges and choices. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s.

Osborn, M., & Osborn, S. (1997). Public speaking (4th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Pollan, M. (2007, April 22). You are what you grow. The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Reike, R.D., Sillars, M.O., & Peterson, T.R. (2009). Argumentation and Critical Decision Making (7th ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Rosendaal, E., Lapierre, M.A., vanReijmersdal, E.A., & Buijzen, M. (2011). Reconsidering advertising literacy as a defense against advertising effects. Media Psychology, 14 (4), 333-354.

Stephenson, E. (2012, August 1). Senators blast House leaders over Postal Service default. News Daily. Retrieved from:

Story, L. (2007, January 15). Anywhere the eye can see, it’s likely to see an ad. The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Strong, W. F., & Cook, J. A. (1992). Persuasion: Strategies for public influence (3rd ed.). Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing.

Witte, K. & Allen, M. (2000). A meta-analysis of fear appeals: Implications for effective public health campaigns. Health Education & Behavior, 27 (5), 591-615.

Zarefsky, D. (2005). Public Speaking: Strategies for Success (Special edition for The Pennsylvania State University). Boston: Pearson.

photo credits

p. 1 Judi Chamberlin by Tom Olin
p. 2 NASUWT officer speaking by Sam Saunders _officer_speaking_at_Bristol_public_sector_pensions_rally_in_ November_2011.jpg
p. 2 Air Pollution by US Environmental Protection Agency p. 3 California Traffic by Downtowngal _10_looking_east_from_Crenshaw_Boulevard.jpg
p. 4 McLaren F1 by Jagvar 1.JPG
p. 4 USPS mailboxes by Erasergirl
p. 5 Jade Raymond by Gamescore Blog
p. 5 Audience member at USO show by .S. Air Force Master Sgt. Adam M. Stump
p. 6 Children at play by Nils Fretwurst
p. 6 Credit cards by Lotus Head cards.jpg

p. 7 Danny Shine by Acapeloahddub %27s_Corner.JPG

p. 8 Dining booth by Wayne Truong
p. 9 Deepwater Horizon fire by US Coast Guard
p. 9 Nancy Brinker by Nancy Brinker
p. 10 Speaker’s Corner speaker by Deborah MacLean Speaker-1987.jpg
p. 12 Roman Rackwitz by Romrack entation.jpg
p. 13 Jeanette Chong-Aruldoss by Terence Lee,_Speakers%27_Corner,_Singapore_-_20110115.jpg
p. 14 Bonnie Franklin by Pattymooney
p. 14 Martin_Kingham by pfctdayelise,_CF MEU.JPG