Glossary and References


Accent The prominence of a syllable in terms of loudness, pitch, and/or length.
Articulation The act of producing clear, precise and distinct speech.
Body Language Body stance, gestures and facial expressions.
Dialect A variety of language, cant or jargon that is set apart from other varieties of the same language by grammar, vocabulary or patterns of speech sounds.
Diction The accent, inflection, intonation and sound quality of a speaker’s voice. Also known as enunciation.
Elocution The formal study and practice of oral delivery, especially as it relates to the performance of voice and gestures.
Extemporaneous Delivery Learning your speech well enough so that you can deliver it from a key word outline.
Impromptu Speeches A speech delivered without previous preparation.
Inflections Variations, turns and slides in pitch to achieve meaning.
Manuscript Delivery Reading the text of a speech word for word.
Memorized Delivery Learning a speech by heart and then delivering it without notes.
Performance The execution of a speech in front of an audience.
Pitch The highness or lowness of one’s voice or of sound.
Pronunciation Saying words correctly, with the accurate articulation, stress and intonation, according to conventional or cultural standards.
Regionalism A speech form, expression or custom that is characteristic to a particular geographic area.
Tempo The rate, pace, or rhythm of speech.
Timbre The characteristic quality of the sound of one’s voice.
Tone The particular sound quality (e.g. nasal or breathy) or emotional expression of the voice.
Verbatim To say with exactly the same words.
Vocalized Pauses Verbal fillers in speech such as “um,” “uh,” “like,” “and,” or “you know.”


Ball, W. (1984). A sense of direction: Some observations on the art of directing. New York: Drama Book.

Brydon, S. R., & Scott, M. D. (2006). Between one and many: The art and science of public speaking. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

DeVito, J. A. (2003). The essential elements of public speaking. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Giffin, K., & Patton, B. R. (1971). Fundamentals of interpersonal communication. New York: Harper & Row.

Gregory, H. (2010). Selected chapters from Public speaking for college and career, ninth edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions.

Monroe, A. H., & Ehninger, D. (1974). Principles and types of speech communication. Glenview, Ill.,: Scott, Foresman.

A Research Guide for Students. (n.d.). A Research Guide for Students. Retrieved February 26, 2012, from

Sprague, J., & Stuart, D. (1984). The speaker’s handbook. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Welcome to Mirror Image. (n.d.). Mirror Image Teleprompters. Retrieved February 26, 2012, from ex.php

photo credits

p. 1 Allida Black Speaking at the Courage to Lead Conference by U.S. Mission Geneva 7414&searchId=488e81758eb12a809a21e316d0f1ab1b&n pos=230

p. 5 Iraqi speaker by Scanlan

p. 6 Ice-T by Tino Jacobs

p.9 [President] Barack Obama at Las Vegas Presidential Forum by Center for American Progress Action Fund

p. 10 Chris Coons as the 2010 Democrat nominee for U.S. Senate in Delaware by Chris Coons

p. 10 Phoenix Auditorium by Basil Jradeh um.jpg

p. 11 Lhandon Speaks by STF HQ don_Speaks.jpg

p. 11 Andrea Dernbach and Hoda Salah by Heinrich Boell Stiftung _boellstiftung_ _Andrea_Dernbach_und_Hoda_Salah.jpg

p. 14 Anthony Pico by Dale Frost