|Accent||The prominence of a syllable in terms of loudness, pitch, and/or length.|
|Articulation||The act of producing clear, precise and distinct speech.|
|Body Language||Body stance, gestures and facial expressions.|
|Dialect||A variety of language, cant or jargon that is set apart from other varieties of the same language by grammar, vocabulary or patterns of speech sounds.|
|Diction||The accent, inflection, intonation and sound quality of a speaker’s voice. Also known as enunciation.|
|Elocution||The formal study and practice of oral delivery, especially as it relates to the performance of voice and gestures.|
|Extemporaneous Delivery||Learning your speech well enough so that you can deliver it from a key word outline.|
|Impromptu Speeches||A speech delivered without previous preparation.|
|Inflections||Variations, turns and slides in pitch to achieve meaning.|
|Manuscript Delivery||Reading the text of a speech word for word.|
|Memorized Delivery||Learning a speech by heart and then delivering it without notes.|
|Performance||The execution of a speech in front of an audience.|
|Pitch||The highness or lowness of one’s voice or of sound.|
|Pronunciation||Saying words correctly, with the accurate articulation, stress and intonation, according to conventional or cultural standards.|
|Regionalism||A speech form, expression or custom that is characteristic to a particular geographic area.|
|Tempo||The rate, pace, or rhythm of speech.|
|Timbre||The characteristic quality of the sound of one’s voice.|
|Tone||The particular sound quality (e.g. nasal or breathy) or emotional expression of the voice.|
|Verbatim||To say with exactly the same words.|
|Vocalized Pauses||Verbal fillers in speech such as “um,” “uh,” “like,” “and,” or “you know.”|
Ball, W. (1984). A sense of direction: Some observations on the art of directing. New York: Drama Book.
Brydon, S. R., & Scott, M. D. (2006). Between one and many: The art and science of public speaking. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
DeVito, J. A. (2003). The essential elements of public speaking. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Giffin, K., & Patton, B. R. (1971). Fundamentals of interpersonal communication. New York: Harper & Row.
Gregory, H. (2010). Selected chapters from Public speaking for college and career, ninth edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions.
Monroe, A. H., & Ehninger, D. (1974). Principles and types of speech communication. Glenview, Ill.,: Scott, Foresman.
A Research Guide for Students. (n.d.). A Research Guide for Students. Retrieved February 26, 2012, from http://www.aresearchguide.com/
Sprague, J., & Stuart, D. (1984). The speaker’s handbook. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Welcome to Mirror Image. (n.d.). Mirror Image Teleprompters. Retrieved February 26, 2012, from http://www.teleprompters.com/mirrorimage/ind ex.php
p. 1 Allida Black Speaking at the Courage to Lead Conference by U.S. Mission Geneva http://www.everystockphoto.com/photo.php?imageId=752 7414&searchId=488e81758eb12a809a21e316d0f1ab1b&n pos=230
p. 5 Iraqi speaker by Scanlan http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iraqi_Speaker.jpg
p. 6 Ice-T by Tino Jacobs http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ice-T_(2).jpg
p.9 [President] Barack Obama at Las Vegas Presidential Forum by Center for American Progress Action Fund http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Barack_Obama_at_Las_Vegas_Presidential_Forum.jpg
p. 10 Chris Coons as the 2010 Democrat nominee for U.S. Senate in Delaware by Chris Coons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chris_Coons.jpg
p. 10 Phoenix Auditorium by Basil Jradeh http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phoenix_Auditori um.jpg
p. 11 Lhandon Speaks by STF HQ http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Lha don_Speaks.jpg
p. 11 Andrea Dernbach and Hoda Salah by Heinrich Boell Stiftung http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flickr_- _boellstiftung_ _Andrea_Dernbach_und_Hoda_Salah.jpg
p. 14 Anthony Pico by Dale Frost http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anthonypico.jpg