Module 11 Overview

What You’ll Learn To Do: Examine Nineteenth Century art and its impact on later artistic developments.

In Module 11 we will examine Nineteenth Century art. We will look at how artists like Monet contributed to the development of Western art. It is imperative to understand Nineteenth Century art in order to see how it impacted later artistic developments.

Learning Activities

Finger hovering over digital icons on a screenThe learning activities for this module include:

  • Review: Key Learning Items

The Nineteenth Century

  • Read: Becoming Modern

Early Photography

  • Read: Introduction to Early Photography
  • Read: Louis Daguerre
  • Read: Timothy O’Sullivan


  • Read: Introduction to Realism
  • Read: Courbet, The Stone Breakers
  • Watch: Bonheur, Plowing in the Nivernais (3:28)
  • Watch: Millet, The Gleaners (3:48)
  • Watch: Degas, The Dance Class (5:08)
  • Watch: Degas, At the Races in the Countryside (3:51)
  • Watch: Manet, Luncheon on the Grass (Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe) (6:27)
  • Watch: Manet, Olympia (7:13)
  • Watch: Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergere (10:34)

Second Empire Architecture

  • Read: Garnier, Paris Opera (includes a video: 4:48)


  • Read: Introduction to Impressionism
  • Watch: Monet, Gare St. Lazare (5:36)
  • Watch: Monet, Rouen Cathedral Series (4:13)
  • Watch: Caillebotte, Paris Street; Rainy Day (4:43)
  • Watch: Cassatt, In the Loge (4:32)
  • Watch: Cassatt, The Child’s Bath (3:05)
  • Watch: Morisot, The Mother and Sister of the Artist (3:35)
  • Watch: Renoir, Moulin de la Galette (5:05)


  • Read: Post-Impressionism Explained
  • Watch: Seurat, La Grande Jatte (6:42)
  • Read: Van Gogh, Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin (includes a video: 2:48)
  • Watch: Van Gogh, The Bedroom (4:43)
  • Read: Van Gogh, Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear
  • Read: Cezanne, Basket of Apples
  • Watch: Cezanne, The Large Bathers (4:45)
  • Watch: Gauguin, Vision After the Sermon (3:38)
  • Read: Gauguin, Spirit of the Dead Watching
  • Watch: Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge (3:10)

Art Nouveau

  • Read: Gaudi, Sagrada Familia (includes a video: 5:38)


  • Read: Fin-de-siecle Explained
  • Watch: Klimt, The Kiss (3:56)
  • Watch: Munch, The Storm (4:00)

Modern Sculpture

  • Watch: Rodin, Gates of Hell (4:12)

American Art Before the Civil War

  • Read: Emanuel Leutze, Washington Crossing the Delaware

American Art After the Civil War

  • Read: Eakins, The Gross Clinic
  • Watch: Homer, The Life Line (4:05)

America in the Guilded Age

  • Read: John Singer Sargent, Madame X
  • Read: Whistler, Nocturne in Black and Gold

Extra Review

  • Review: External Resources


  • Submit: Module 11 Quiz (5 points)
  • Discuss: Unit 2 Discussion Essay (30 points)