Book value of an asset (or net book value) is calculated by taking the original cost of the asset – accumulated depreciation on the asset.
To make this more real, let’s look at an actual company:
What does Walt Disney’s Form 10-K communicate about its PP&E?
In February 2015, The Walt Disney Company (DIS) unveiled its new interactive queue for one of its oldest attractions at its Magic Kingdom Park (Walt Disney World) in Orlando, Peter Pan’s Flight (see video here.) As guests wait in line, they enter into the Darling’s foyer. From the foyer, guests head into the children’s nursery. Tinker Bell is seemingly in the room and guests can interact with Tinker Bell and other items in the room. There is a shadow interaction feature created by Disney developers (“Imagineering employees”) that allows guests to “play” with shadows.
Walt Disney invests a lot of money into its parks, including upgrades as described above. Under SEC Filings, find the 2014 10K report and see two excerpts from Walt Disney’s 2014 Form 10-K: a partial balance sheet (page 66) and a section from the notes to financial statements (page 77).
- What types of plant assets does Walt Disney have?
- What depreciation method does Walt Disney use?
- What is the net book value of all of Walt Disney’s PP&E?
- Give an example of each type of PP&E listed in the Notes excerpt.
- The category of “Furniture, fixtures, and equipment” has a range of estimated life in years from 3 – 25 years. Give an example of a specific asset that might be in this category. What might be its estimated life and why?