Introduction to Physical Geography

Learning Objectives

This chapter has several goals and objectives:

  • Develop an understanding of geographic and scientific knowledge and inquiry.
  • Describe the basic model of the scientific method and how scientists use it to understand the natural world.
  • Explain the importance of understanding location.
  • Compare and contrast the various types of geospatial technologies used today.

Physical Geography, also called earth science, is the study of our home planet and all of its components: its lands, waters, atmosphere, and interior. In this book, some chapters are devoted to the processes that shape the lands and impact people. Other chapters depict the processes of the atmosphere and its relationship to the planet’s surface and all our living creatures. For as long as people have been on the planet, humans have had to live within Earth’s boundaries. Now human life is having a profound effect on the planet. Several chapters are devoted to the effect people have on the planet.The journey to better understanding Earth begins here with an exploration of how scientists learn about the natural world and introduces you to the study of physical geography and earth science.