About the Use of Biblio-Makers
Do not trust biblio-makers! These citation robots are only as good as their programming, development, and data inputs. Seldom do they get an APA citation completely correct. This module will assist you in learning to cite sources using APA citation style. It is, however, difficult to avoid biblio-makers as they pop-up along with databases, library guides, proper citation searches, and some instructional materials.
A working bibliography can be created using biblio-makers, and the results can later be corrected using an accurate APA 6th edition handbook or similar resources. The more popular biblio-makers are:
- Citation Machine
- Cite This For Me
- Landmarks Citation Machine
Some students may have a “style sheet” provided to them by an instructor in high school or college. These style sheets are frequently good enough to use for that instructor, but seldom meet the specifications required for APA. Learning to do APA citation properly is a skill that you can use throughout your college career.
- Owl Purdue APA Guide
- Basics of APA Flash tutorial
- How to cite art (APA Blog)
- Identifying a scholarly source (from Olympic College)
- Citing an edition of a book (APA Blog)
- Using “et al.” (APA Blog)
- Citing a Kindle text (APA Blog)
- Citing a TED talk (APA Blog)
- Citing a YouTube video (APA Blog)
- Citing a website (APA Blog)
- Citing a song (APA Blog)
Crediting Creative Commons Photographs
When you use CC Licensed works, including images from Flickr and others, it is important to attribute the work correctly where you use it, and then to make a citation for it in your References page.
When it appears in your presentation, include the creator’s name and the license for the work. On the References page use this sample citation:
Author name. (Author role). (date). Title of work [Medium of work], Retrieved date of retrieval from: tiny URL. License.
Here is a sample of a CC Licensed work cited correctly including the attribution in the image and the citation for the reference page.
Weller, D. (Photographer). (2011). Baby monkey [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/ngcnjxj. CC-BY-SA-NC.
Intellectual Property Index
Did you know that anything you create is copyrighted? According to the US Copyright Law, any creative work fixed in time and space is protected from use, adaptation, and distribution by an entity or person who doesn’t own it. In this section you will learn a little bit about your intellectual property rights.
This is not intended to be legal advice. Your instructors are not lawyers. This is intended to be an overview of the concept of intellectual property as it affects you.
- What is Intellectual Property
- What is Copyright by US Copyright Office
- Uncertainty, Copyright, and Courage by ASCAP president Paul Williams
Tutorials and Films
- Copyrights and Making Films by Turner Clay (This is a two minute film that can impact what you choose to film in your own works.)
As discussed in the intellectual property section, under Title 17 of the US Code any creative expression that is fixed in time or space is a protected work. This means no one, aside from the person or entity who owns the copyright, can distribute the material without special permission. Some people want others to use their work freely, while still retaining some control over their work.
In this section you will learn about open licensing, or instances where the copyright law is loosened by copyright holders so that works can be shared and adapted. In this section you will also learn how to find images, songs, video, and other openly licensed works for use in your own videos. Don’t forget to cite/attribute the works correctly. Use the section on APA citations to find out how to do that.
- Creative Commons: What is Creative Commons?
- Wired Magazine: Creative Commons 101
- The History of Creative Commons (Wired Magazine)
- Some Rights Reserved (Wired Magazine)
- Copyright Perspectives Remix Media (Penn State)
- Free Media Sources from Penn State
- Fifteen Fantastic Sources For Free Art and Images (MOOC News and Reviews)
Creative Commons: Skip the Intermediaries
Finding Creative Commons Licensed Images
Finding Creative Commons Licensed Music
Pictures you can legally use:
- Library of Congress Photo Galleries http://www.loc.gov/pictures/
- NIH Photo Galleries http://www.nih.gov/about/nihphotos.htm
- Creative Commons is a great source for pictures, music, video, and text people have created for sharing: http://search.creativecommons.org/