SQ3R is a useful technique for understanding written information. It helps you to create a good mental framework of a subject, into which you can fit the right facts. It helps you to set study goals and prompts you to use review techniques that will help you to remember.
The acronym SQ3R stands for the five sequential techniques you should use to read a book: Survey, Question, Read, Recite and Review.
|Survey (S)||Scan the entire assignment to get an overview of the material. Read the headings to see the major points. Read the introductory paragraphs and the summary at the end of the chapter. Do not forget to look at the tables, pictures, etc. Remember, you are scanning the material and not actually reading every sentence.|
|Question (Q)||Make questions that can be answered during the reading of the material. This will give a purpose to your reading. Take a heading and turn it into a question. For example, if a heading in a chapter about Cell Division is in your biology text, make a question by turning the title around: “How does cell division occur?” or “How many steps are involved in cell division?”|
|Read (R)||Now you read the material trying to find answers to your questions. This is a careful reading, line by line. You may want to take notes or make flashcards.|
|Recite (R)||As you read, look away from your book and notes and try to answer your questions. This checks your learning and helps put that information in your memory.|
|Review (R)||To check your memory, scan portions of the material or your notes to verify your answers. Review the material and note the main points under each heading. This review step helps you retain the material.|
What SQ3R Looks Like
This video demonstrates the SQ3R process in action.