## Key Equations

Division Algorithm | [latex]f\left(x\right)=d\left(x\right)q\left(x\right)+r\left(x\right)[/latex] where [latex]q\left(x\right)\ne 0[/latex] |

## Key Concepts

- Polynomial long division can be used to divide a polynomial by any polynomial with equal or lower degree.
- The Division Algorithm tells us that a polynomial dividend can be written as the product of the divisor and the quotient added to the remainder.
- Synthetic division is a shortcut that can be used to divide a polynomial by a binomial of the form
*x – k*. - Polynomial division can be used to solve application problems, including area and volume.

## Glossary

**Division Algorithm**- given a polynomial dividend [latex]f\left(x\right)[/latex] and a non-zero polynomial divisor [latex]d\left(x\right)[/latex] where the degree of [latex]d\left(x\right)[/latex] is less than or equal to the degree of [latex]f\left(x\right)[/latex], there exist unique polynomials [latex]q\left(x\right)[/latex] and [latex]r\left(x\right)[/latex] such that [latex]f\left(x\right)=d\left(x\right)q\left(x\right)+r\left(x\right)[/latex] where [latex]q\left(x\right)[/latex] is the quotient and [latex]r\left(x\right)[/latex] is the remainder. The remainder is either equal to zero or has degree strictly less than [latex]d\left(x\right)[/latex].

**synthetic division**- a shortcut method that can be used to divide a polynomial by a binomial of the form
*x*–*k*