What you’ll learn to do: examine various perspectives and treatment methods related to substance-related and addictive disorders
In this section, we will take a closer look at the various psychological perspectives and see how they explain addiction and substance-related disorders. Addiction is a complicated phenomenon, influenced by genetic, biological, environmental, and social factors, which also makes treatment programs more nuanced. Below are some key points to consider related to treatment:
- Drug addiction can be treated, but it’s not simple. Addiction treatment must help the person do the following:
- stop using drugs
- stay drug-free
- be productive in the family, at work, and in society
- Successful treatment has several steps:
- behavioral counseling
- medication (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
- evaluation and treatment for co-occurring mental health issues such as depression and anxiety
- long-term follow-up to prevent relapse
- Medications and devices can be used to manage withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and treat co-occurring conditions.
- Behavioral therapies help patients to
- modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug use,
- increase healthy life skills, and
- persist with other forms of treatment, such as medication.