Introduction to Biomes

Identify different biomes of our world

The Earth’s biomes are categorized into two major groups: terrestrial and aquatic. Terrestrial biomes are based on land, while aquatic biomes include both ocean and freshwater biomes.

What You’ll Learn to Do

  • Identify the two major abiotic factors that determine terrestrial biomes
  • Recognize distinguishing characteristics of each of the eight major terrestrial biomes
  • Describe the effects of abiotic factors on the composition of plant and animal communities in aquatic biomes
  • Compare and contrast the characteristics of the ocean zones
  • Summarize the characteristics of standing water and flowing water freshwater biomes

Learning Activities

The learning activities for this section include the following:

  • Characteristics of Terrestrial Biomes
  • Major Terrestrial Biomes
  • Characteristics of Aquatic Biomes
  • Major Oceanic Biomes
  • Major Freshwater Biomes
  • Self Check: Biomes