Learning Outcomes

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The content, assignments, and assessments for Biology for Non-Majors II are aligned to the following learning outcomes. A full list of course learning outcomes can be viewed here: Biology for Non-Majors II Learning Outcomes.

Module 1: Define biology and apply its principles

Introduction to Biology

  • List the defining characteristics of biological life
  • Discuss the history of the study of life and the diversity of life on Earth
  • Identify the main branches of biology
  • Describe biology as a science and identify the key components of scientific inquiry

Module 2: Discuss the history of life on Earth

History of Life

  • Explain the theory of evolution
  • Define species and identify how species form
  • Discuss the ways populations evolve
  • Read and analyze a phylogenetic tree that documents evolutionary relationships

Module 3: Identify the different kinds of prokaryotes and common bacteria that infect humans


  • Discuss the diversity of prokaryotic cells
  • Describe the structure of prokaryotic cells
  • Identify the metabolic needs of prokaryotes
  • Identify common bacterial diseases in humans
  • Identify common prokaryotes that are beneficial to humans

Module 4: Discuss the organisms in Kingdom Protista


  • Identify the common characteristics of protists
  • Describe the role that protists play in the ecosystem

Module 5: Discuss the organisms in Kingdom Fungi


  • Identify the common characteristics of fungi
  • Describe the role that fungi play in the ecosystem
  • Identify common fungal parasites and pathogens
  • Discuss common human usage of fungi

Module 6: Differentiate between different types of plants

Plant Diversity

  • Classify seedless plants
  • Classify seed plants

Module 7: Discuss the structure and function of plants

Plant Structure and Function

  • Identify basic common structures of plants
  • Discuss common functions of plants

Module 8: Discuss the methods and structures of plant reproduction

Plant Reproduction

  • Discuss the reproductive development and structure of plants
  • Describe how plants reproduce asexually

Module 9: Discuss the importance of animal diversity

Animal Diversity

  • Discuss the evolutionary history of the animal kingdom
  • Chart animal phylogeny

Module 10: Discuss the common features of organism in the animal kingdom

Features of the Animal Kingdom

  • Describe the various types of body plans that occur in animals
  • Discuss the tissue structures found in animals
  • Discuss methods and features of animal reproduction
  • Discuss the importance of homeostasis in animals

Module 11: Classify different types of invertebrates


  • Identify the common characteristics of phylum Porifera Phylum
  • Identify the common characteristics of phylum Cnidaria
  • Identify the common characteristics of superphylum Lophotrochozoa
  • Identify the common characteristics of superphylum Ecdysozoa
  • Identify the common characteristics of superphylum Deuterostomia

Module 12: Classify different types of vertebrates


  • Identify the common characteristics of chordates
  • Identify characteristics of fishes
  • Identify characteristics of amphibians
  • Identify characteristics of amniotes
  • Identify characteristics of reptiles
  • Identify characteristics of birds
  • Identify characteristics of mammals

Module 13: Describe different body systems

Overview of Body Systems

  • Discuss how different body systems interact with one another
  • Describe the nervous, endocrine, reproductive, and sensory systems
  • Describe the circulatory, immune, respiratory, and digestive systems
  • Describe the muscular, skeletal, and integumentary systems

Module 14: Define the scope and components of ecology

Ecology of Living Things

  • Identify the scope of ecology
  • Distinguish between abiotic and biotic components of the environment
  • Identify different biomes of our world
  • Discuss the scope and study of population ecology
  • Discuss the scope and study of community ecology

Module 15: Discuss ecology as it relates to the environment

Ecology and the Environment

  • Describe how organisms acquire energy
  • Discuss the biogeochemical cycles of water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur
  • Identify evidence of climate change
  • Explain why conservation biology and biodiversity are important


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