Vocabulario: La familia


  • Recognize vocabulary of family relations


La familia

Family tree diagram showing three generations of a family, all in relation to "yo." At the top level are “mi abuelo” and “mi abuela.” Their three children are “mi madre/mamá”, “mi tía,” and “mi tío.” “mi madre” was married to “mi padre,” but is now married to “mi padrastro.” “Mi tía” is married to “mi tía.” “Mi madre” and “mi padre” have three children: “yo,” “mi hermana,” and “mi hermano.” “Mi tia” has two children: “mi prima” and “mi primo.” “Mi madre” has one child with “mi padrastro”: “mi medio hermano.” “Mi padrastro” has one child without “mi madre”: “mi hermanastra.”
Family tree diagram showing four generations of a family, all in relation to "yo.” “Yo” is at the second level of the tree, connected to “mi esposa/o.” The parents of “mi esposa/o” are “mi suegro” and “mi suegra.” The sister of “mi esposa/o” is mi cuñada. “Yo” has two siblings: “mi hermana” and “mi hermano.” “Mi hermano” has two children: “Mi sobrino" and "mi sobrina.” “Mi esposa/o” has one child without “yo”: “mi hijastro.” “Mi esposa/o” and “yo” have two children: “Mi hijo" and "mi hija.” “Mi hijo” has two children: “Mi nieto” and “mi nieta.” See text version that follows for the English translations of family vocabulary.
  • La pareja (couple)
  • El pariente (relative)

Tipos de familias:

  • Familia nuclear o pequeña
  • Familia extendida o grande
  • Primera, segunda, tercera generación
  • La familia política
  • La familia moderna
  • La familia tradicional



el perro / la perra



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