The academic articles that you will find and use can be difficult to understand and use if you are unfamiliar with the formalized way they are assembled. Therefore, it is very important that you understand that academic/peer-reviewed/scholarly articles have a conventional structure, one that cuts across disciplines. The overwhelming majority of academic articles are broken down into sections with subheadings and make similar rhetorical moves in the same order. Knowing what this structure is and what important information is contained in each section will save you a great deal of confusion. The more frequently you practice navigating such articles in your discipline, the easier they will become for you to decipher. We will now look at the these sections and at what they contain. Then, in a research toolbox, we will look at some representative articles and their sections so that you can see how they all use a structure that recurs across the disciplines.