Try It: Other Parts of Speech

Adjectives and Adverbs

Read the following short passage. Critique the use of adjectives and adverbs. The sentences have been numbered to aid you in your comments.

Young woman high-fiving man while nearing the top of a rock climbing wall(1) Eva and Ellie, who had been most good friends since their freshman year, both had an incredibly fear of heights. (2) They decided to conquer their fear by learning to rock climb. (3) The first time they went to a class, they were both real freaked out. (4) Ellie’s hands shook so hard she couldn’t tie the rope to her harness, and the instructor said that Eva was literally the slowest climber he had ever seen. (5) After climbing for several months, however, both girls had become confident in their skills. (6) Ellie was really proud of her knot-tying skills, and Eva could climb a wall in three minutes flat. (7) The girls decided they were ready to move onto the next challenge: skydiving.

Conjunctions, Prepositions, and Articles

Read the following abstract to a research paper written by an undergraduate microbiology student. Critique the use of conjunctions, prepositions, and articles. The sentences have been numbered to aid you in your comments.

Drawing of bacteria as purple two-lobed shapes(1) Bacteria use many different methods to create infections and invade our immune systems. (2) Some bacteria hide in host cells and evade detection as they feast on nutrients provided by the cells, while others produce proteins that mimic the cell’s proteins, and thus evade detection entirely. (3) Others live extracellularly and use a variety of other mechanisms for infection and survival in the host.

(4) Some pathogens, though, do not survive in the host cell alone. (5) Some pathogens group together and form biofilms within the host. (6) These biofilms provide protection from the host, but also allow the bacteria to communicate through a method known by quorum sensing. (7) This type of communication allows the bacteria to eavesdrop on communication within the host. (8) However, it also allows the host to eavesdrop on bacterial communication within the bacterial community.