## Key Equations

 slope-intercept form of a line $y=mx+b$ slope $m=\frac{\text{change in output (rise)}}{\text{change in input (run)}}=\frac{\Delta y}{\Delta x}=\frac{{y}_{2}-{y}_{1}}{{x}_{2}-{x}_{1}}$ point-slope form of a line $y-{y}_{1}=m\left(x-{x}_{1}\right)$

## Key Concepts

• The ordered pairs given by a linear function represent points on a line.
• Linear functions can be represented in words, function notation, tabular form and graphical form.
• The rate of change of a linear function is also known as the slope.
• An equation in slope-intercept form of a line includes the slope and the initial value of the function.
• The initial value, or y-intercept, is the output value when the input of a linear function is zero. It is the y-value of the point where the line crosses the y-axis.
• An increasing linear function results in a graph that slants upward from left to right and has a positive slope.
• A decreasing linear function results in a graph that slants downward from left to right and has a negative slope.
• A constant linear function results in a graph that is a horizontal line.
• Analyzing the slope within the context of a problem indicates whether a linear function is increasing, decreasing, or constant.
• The slope of a linear function can be calculated by dividing the difference between y-values by the difference in corresponding x-values of any two points on the line.
• The slope and initial value can be determined given a graph or any two points on the line.
• One form of a linear function is slope-intercept form.
• Point-slope form is useful for finding the equation of a linear function when given the slope of a line and one point.
• Point-slope form is also convenient for finding the equation of a linear function when given two points through which a line passes.
• The equation for a linear function can be written in slope-intercept form if the slope m and initial value are known.
• A linear function can be used to solve real-world problems.
• A linear function can be written from tabular form.

## Glossary

decreasing linear function
a function with a negative slope: If $m<0, \text{then }f\left(x\right)=mx+b$ is decreasing.
increasing linear function
a function with a positive slope: If $m>0, \text{then }f\left(x\right)=mx+b$ is increasing.
linear function
a function with a constant rate of change that is a polynomial of degree 1 whosegraph is a straight line
point-slope form
the equation of a linear function of the form $y-{y}_{1}=m\left(x-{x}_{1}\right)$
slope
the ratio of the change in output values to the change in input values; a measure of the steepness of a line
slope-intercept form
the equation of a linear function of the form $f\left(x\right)=mx+b$
y-intercept
the value of a function when the input value is zero; also known as initial value